八月 29, 2016

英国新闻学论文不会写怎么办:政党系统

英国新闻学论文不会写怎么办:政党系统

的一些缺点占统治地位的政党系统(如被认为在英国撒切尔夫人执政期间的过去)在于如何在程序几乎占主导地位的政府变得自满。有一种政治傲慢指出当时党在规则假定他们不会被取代。作为一个例子,考虑在英国撒切尔政府。玛格丽特•撒切尔(Margaret Thatcher),保守党领袖是第一位女性总理的位置从1979年(奎因,2013)。一些激进的改革,带来了她的时间,减少社会福利项目和减少工会或工会的力量。这种形式的一个激进的改革和政策是由占统治地位的政党是什么导致了撒切尔夫人在1991年辞职。权力斗争的党被认为是导致她身后辞职(玛格丽特•撒切尔(Margaret Thatcher)传记(1925 – 2013),2015)。这个决策,撒切尔政府被引入来被视为一种明目张胆的权力给保守党。压倒性的反对保守党遇到了党1997年,但拒绝政治领袖interparty动力学的一部分发生在1991年。这是另一个问题是主导方的背景下,它会导致许多党际斗争人们积极争夺领导地位和位置时,应该在提高状态。保守党政府统治的国家机器变得越来越自动化,而不是政府公务员与政府合作,为自己的成就而获得奖赏,政府公务员实际上失去了他们的名字,他们仅仅成为橡皮图章时只是实现党的政策(安德森,1998)。

英国新闻学论文不会写怎么办:政党系统

这样作为一个占主导地位的政党体制的例子提到历史上英国(英国是一个建立多党制),然而缺点或问题指出占主导地位的政党制度的英国在1979年到1997年的时期可以被表示为单一政党体制的问题。类似于单一政党体制为少数民族成员并没有太多的声音,(注意:在单一政党的情况下不会有对方,另一方面multiparty-dominant党可以有少数党派)。工党在1980年完全陷入混乱,这是保守党的一个原因是加强。目前然而它不能表示,英国有一个占主导地位的政党,多党制,尽管在2000年初的上下文中认为,工党政府在绝大多数,因此在政治上自由(奎因等,2011)。在当前的情况下,英国政府和决策支持平衡的多党体系和主要地区如苏格兰,威尔士和北爱尔兰都有自己的各自的政治优势。

英国新闻学论文不会写怎么办:政党系统

Some of the disadvantages of the dominant party system (as was seen in the United Kingdom’s past during Margaret Thatcher’s ruling) lies in how the dominant government becomes almost complacent during their proceedings. There is a sense of political arrogance noted at the time as the party in rule assumes they would not be replaced. As an example consider the Thatcher Government in United Kingdom. Margaret Thatcher, the Conservative Party leader was the first woman to be in the position of Prime Minister from the year 1979 (Quinn, 2013). Some of the radical reforms that were brought in her time were that of the reduction in the social welfare programs and also the reduction of unionization or the power of the unions. This form of a radical reform and policy that was issued by the dominant party was what led to the resignation of Thatcher in 1991. Power struggles in her own party was cited to be the cause behind her resignation (Margaret Thatcher Biography (1925-2013), 2015). This policy making that the Thatcher government was seen to introduce came to be viewed as a form of flagrancy of the power that was given to the conservatives. An overwhelming rejection of the conservatives was encountered by the party in 1997, but the rejection of the political leader as part of the interparty dynamics happened in 1991 itself. This is yet another problem that was seen in the context of a dominant party, it leads to many inter-party struggles where people were actively vying for leadership and position when they should have been vying to improve the state. In the case of the Conservative Government rule the state machinery has become more automatic, and instead of the Government civil servants working with the Government and being rewarded for their achievements, the Government Civil servants actually lost their name, they became mere rubber stamps when they just implemented the party policies (Anderson, 1998).

英国新闻学论文不会写怎么办:政党系统
This happening is mentioned as a dominant party system example in the history of the United Kingdom (UK is an established multiparty system), however the disadvantages or problems that are noted for the dominant party system of the United Kingdom during the time period of 1979 to 1997 could just as easily be stated to be the problems of the single party system. Similar to the single party system there was not much voice for minority members, (note: in the case of the single party there would be no other party, on the other the multiparty-dominant party can have minority parties). The labour party in the 1980’s was in complete disarray and this was one reason why the Conservative party was strengthened. At present however it cannot be stated that Britain has a dominant party, it has a multiparty system, although in the context of early 2000 it was contended that the labour Government was having a vast majority and hence was politically free (Quinn et al, 2011). In the more current situations the UK government and policy making are supported by a balanced multi party system and the major regions such as Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their own respective political majorities.

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