七月 4, 2017

英国留学论文怎么写:经济学

英国留学论文怎么写:经济学

在2015年12月XX的《经济》中,艾伦·米切尔(Alan Mitchell)在《经济》(The economy)上发表了一篇题为《债务是可控的》(Debt is可控)的文章,主要讲述了政府债务的概念及其对整体经济的影响。在这篇文章中,有各种各样的债务,如总债务、净债务、国家债务或联邦债务等,文章主要集中在净债务上,净债务被定义为总负债减去金融资产。许多人认为,政府借款的钱必须为社会的全面发展而实施。虽然,政府一方面要通过承担债务来发展社会,一方面必须考虑到这样一个事实,即债务必须不能超过其无法控制的程度。根据统计数据,澳大利亚政府债务稳步上升,预计将达到GDP的18.5%。

英国留学论文怎么写:经济学

有许多国家的债务占GDP的比例较高,但正如许多经济学理论中所观察到的那样,过度依赖债务并不是一个可持续的选择。一个国家可能因过度依赖债务而遭受的两个主要风险是长期的经济疲软和衰退。如果经济陷入衰退,政府仍需履行其对社会的基本义务,并有债务,所有这些都会增加纳税人的负担。因此,从长期经济生存的角度来看,人们建议将债务水平降低。较低的债务水平给了政府使用财政政策来保护经济的能力。因此,人们可以理解和关联经济理论,它支持平衡盈余的概念,而不是严重依赖债务的经济理论。对于政府来说,一个非常舒适的位置是在预算中有盈余,这将确保他们在任何经济逆境中都是安全的。如果经济陷入衰退,其预算中有巨额债务,那么经济恢复到原来的水平将需要很长时间。这也会伤害到大部分纳税人,因为政府将采取措施。

英国留学论文怎么写:经济学

The article named ‘Debt is manageable, as long as it’s the only problem’ by Alan Mitchell published in ‘The economy’ on December XX, 2015 talks basically about the concept of government debt and how it has an impact on the overall economy. There various kinds of debts as stated by the article like gross debt, net debt, state debt or federal debt and the article focuses basically on the net debt which is defined as the gross debt minus the financial assets. It is regarded by many that the money which the government borrows must be implemented for the overall development of the society. Although, the government’s intention to develop to the society by taking debt is correct on one hand, it must also take into consideration the fact that the debt must not exceed to a point where it is not manageable. As per the statistics, the Australian government debt is steadily rising and is expected to reach 18.5% of its GDP.

英国留学论文怎么写:经济学
There are many nations who have a higher amount of debt as a percentage of GDP; but as it has been observed in many economic theories of researchers that overreliance on debt is not a sustainable option. The two major risks which a nation might suffer from over reliance on debt is a prolonged period of weak growth and recession. If the economy falls into a recession and the government would still have to fulfil its basic obligations towards the society and having a debt above, all of it would add into an additional burden on the taxpayers. Hence, from the perspective of a long term survival of the economy it is advised to have a low level of debt. A lower level of debt gives the government the ability to use fiscal policy to protect the economy. Hence, one can understand and relate the economy theory which supports the concept of having a balanced surplus and not the one which is heavily dependent on debt. A very comfortable position for a government would be to have a surplus in the budget which would ensure them to be safe from any kind of economic adversities. If the economy falls into a recession with a huge debt on its budget, it would take a long time to bring back the economy to its original position. This would also hurt most of its taxpayers due to the steps which would be taken by the government.

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