The Environmental policy of China is generally laid down by the “National People’s Congress” and supervised by the “Ministry of Environmental protection”. According to the “Center for American Progress”, the policies adopted by the Chinese government is very much similar to that of what used to exist in the United States before the year 1970 i.e. the central government used to issue more or less strict regulations, but the actual supervision and imposition was mainly carried out by the local governments that have superior concern for economic growth. The work of lawyers, journalists and other private organizations concerned for environmental issues are limited in China due to regulations enforced by the government (OECD 498).
There were around 14, 514, 000 “yellow tagged” vehicles in the year 2012 in China. The government has issued order to scrap around 5,000,000 old vehicles by the year 2015 and the remaining will be done by the year 2017. This will immediately have a positive impact on the air pollution that China is facing. It has been seen that majority of these vehicles have totally depreciated and have no or limited resale value (OECD 498). The cost attached to this initiative is not very high and will not be recurring for the government of China. This will help Beijing as well as other cities of China to drastically reduce the air pollution issues immediately (Greenpeace). There have been campaigns conducted by Greenpeace in different parts of China especially in Beijing and other polluted cities of the country to look for alternative sources of energy as a replacement for coal. Since burning of coals add a huge quantity of particulate matter in the air which is responsible for several respiratory disease and other severe ailments among the Chinese people (Economy 117).
The Central government of China has released “national Air Pollution Control Action Plan” to guide different cities and provinces about the use of coal as the main source of energy generation. A target to reduce coal consumption by of 83 million tons has been set by the government by the year 2017 (Stephen and Socolow 970).
China has been facing pressure from several US based health organizations as well as from WHO to look into this matter urgently as China is the massive contributor to global carbon pollution. It is not only impairing the normal healthy life of the people of China but is also contributing to the overall causes of global warming. UN has appealed China and its government to take strong and prominent actions immediately so that air pollution and reduction in particulate matter in the atmospheric air can be reduced. The government of China is taking steps to check the issue . The old vehicles which are considered as one of the major cuase of pollution in China are taken off the road and the remaining will be removed by the year 2017. Alternative energy sources has been prescribed to replace coal and set-up are under construction or has already operating to reduce the particulate matter in the air the main reason for haze and road accidents in beijing and in other parts of China. Factories have been removed from the cities to locations outside the city in order to prevent the toxic gases to mingle with the city air. But it is very difficult to act faster as rapid industrialization in China as labour cost is extremely low, which has added to the problem further. But if the government of China do not take immediate actions, the country might face other big shocks as a result of ever increasing toxic gases and particulate matters in the atmospheric air of the cities where population is high.
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