中国领先的国有企业受益于政府的优惠做法和政策，重点发展实力更强、规模更大的国有企业(Yeung和Laforet, 2012)。这些企业在矿产、钢材等其他产品的市场平台上，获得了多数经济要素投入和重要权力。发行公开交易债券和股票的能力和信用具有优先可及性(Liu和Ahlstrom, 2014)。企业也不具有主观性，其税负与私营部门的竞争对手一样。中国的一些学者认为，省级政府利用重大权力操纵产业政策，拒绝发放经营许可证。这对于说服不情愿的所有权是至关重要的，以便卖掉国有的大追求者。
国有企业和私营企业之间已经提出了更大的平衡。其中包括多种生产要素的可及性，其次是法律的平等保护(Peng, 2012)。这一决定解释了企业将把他们的资源集中在为国家战略目标服务的领域。然而，一些专家指出，企业在各个行业和行业中持续占据主导地位。这与它们的战略性质无关，同时在整个经济背景下进一步限制私人投资。此外，中国的反垄断法是与其他行业的惯例和政策相结合，并有选择性地执行(Peng, 2013)。
The leading state-owned enterprises of China benefit due to preferential government practices and policies focused on the development of stronger and bigger national champions (Yeung and Laforet, 2012). These enterprises had been enjoying favor accessibility of majority of the essential inputs of economy and significant power in the market platforms for others such as minerals and steels. There is preferential accessibility of the ability and credit for issuing publicly traded debt and equity (Liu and Ahlstrom, 2014). Enterprises also do not have subjectivity with the same burden of tax as their rivals of private sector. As per some academics of China, significant power is used by provincial governments for the manipulation of industrial policies in denying operational licenses. This is crucial for persuading reluctant ownership in order to sell out bigger suitors owned by the state.
Third Plenum Agenda, November 2013, was called upon by the government of China. As per this agenda, enterprises remain to be a crucial element in the economic system of China. This is specific because China helps in making them highly transparent and efficient by the limitation of preferential accessibility and monopoly power of production related factors (Martin, 2013). These play a crucial role for better contribution to the development of economy. This called for an economic structure of mixed ownership, allowing the state and privately owned businesses for co-existing across the domestic economic platform.
Greater balance has been proposed among state and privately owned business. These include the accessibility of several factors of production followed by equal protection by law (Peng, 2012). This decision provides an explanation that the enterprises will focus their resources upon areas serving strategic state objectives. However, it has been pointed out by a number of experts that enterprises are continuously holding dominating shares across respective sectors and industries. These are irrespective of their strategic nature, while further restraining private investment across the economic background. In addition, the anti-monopoly law of China is applied in collaboration with other industrial practices and policies have selective enforcement from authorities (Peng, 2013).