代写论文-帕金森病给医疗系统带来的成本。帕金森病是美国第二常见的神经退行性疾病。帕金森病目前还没有真正的治疗方法，但管理帕金森病的成本却在不断上升。这实际上给病人和医疗保健支付者带来了巨大的经济负担。美国人口普查局(U.S. Census Bureau) 2010年至2050年的人口数据显示，美国约有63万人患有帕金森病(Kowal et al.， 2013)。这将花费144亿美元，即23000美元用于病人护理。帕金森病的间接成本会因为缺乏劳动力而降低生产效率。据估计，到2050年，这一数字将达到63亿美元。帕金森病等慢性疾病的负担在未来将变得更加明显(Kowal et al.， 2013)。目前正在进行预防、延迟发病和进展的研究。
Parkinson disease is the second common neurodegenerative disorder in the United States. There is no real treatment for the conditions of Parkinson but there is a rising costs involved for the management of the conditions. This actually causes significant economic burden on the patients and the health care payers. It has been found from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2010 to 2050 population data that approximately 630,000 people in the United States will have Parkinson diseases (Kowal et al., 2013). The costs of this would be 14.4 billion i.e. 23000 dollars for patient care. Indirect cost of the Parkinson disease would lower the productivity due to lack workers. It is estimated that by the year 2050, it would account for 6.3 billion dollars. The burden of chronic conditions such as Parkinson disease would become even more pronounced in the future (Kowal et al., 2013). Currently, there is research undertaken to prevent, delay onset and progression of the disease. There are many innovative techniques that have been derived to alleviate the symptoms of Parkinson diseased and other kind of neurodegenerative diseases. Parkinson will cause loss of workers, increase financial burden and will be detrimental to the overall economic system of the country (Kowal et al., 2013). In reality, there is no cure for this condition. There can only be measures taken to alleviate the symptoms once it has been developed. Owing to this, the costs involved in the medical care are found to be huge (Kowal et al., 2013). Currently, no real strategies have been proposed that can effectively deal with this condition. Hence, it is considered to be a major impact on the health care system of this country.
Obesity impact to the health care system
There has been rising levels of obesity in the health care system. It has been found that there is rising cost of health care that is used to address the endogeniety of weight (Cawley, & Meyerhoefer, 2012). The reasons for obesity are due to the health condition of the people, genetic factors and also due to the lifestyle risks of the people. The direct and the indirect costs of obesity are found to be very high in the people. It was found that the owing to obesity there has been a $656 million dollars in higher levels of annual medical care costs (Cawley, & Meyerhoefer, 2012). Obesity conditions not only cause certain disease but also contribute to a number of other diseases and some are even life threatening. For treatment of obesity, it is not only limited to treat the patients to medicine (Finkelstein et al., 2012). There is a range of interventions that are required to combat this condition. There are a number of interventions that are proposed. For this holistic service, there are a number of costs and resources that are required (Cawley, & Meyerhoefer, 2012). These costs are estimated to increase in the coming decades due to inflation and employment costs involved in the hospital care settings. The usage of obesity drugs has also been on the rise in the recent times (Cawley, & Meyerhoefer, 2012). This has led to the increase in costs owing to the health care system in general. Another study was undertaken to understand about the adult obesity trends in the country. It has been estimated by the year 2030, there will be a 33% of increase in the obesity prevalence in the country (Finkelstein et al., 2012). This is only estimated to go higher. The 33% are only conservative number. This is expected to cause further impediment for the health care cost in the country (Finkelstein et al., 2012). The impact of obesity is expected to be on the rise and cause a major impeding factor for the providing of holistic care to the people (Finkelstein et al., 2012).
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