正如near在《粗略司法》第23段中所引用的，犯罪基本上是一个社区问题，因此，在培养或解决犯罪过程中涉及到社区问题是至关重要的。贝尔德主要关注的是强制执行判决背后的原因，该判决涉及罪犯最终进入康复中心。他认为，将罪犯送进康复中心的判决更倾向于让公众远离这样的罪犯。康复并不完全或仅仅是为了修正罪犯的行为(Baird and Frankel, 2001)。有一些危险的罪犯，如果把他们关在像监狱这样的狭小空间里，他们会过得更好。然而，这并不适用于所有的罪犯，并不是所有人都愿意学习和改变自己的行为。
贝尔德没有看到康复的长期效果。他缺乏远见。他认为，在加拿大和美国，惩罚是太多东西的混合物，没有结果。在第17段中，Baird说，即使那些对整个社会没有威胁的人也被送进监狱，而这并没有真正改变罪犯的态度(Baird and Rosenbaum, 1988)。贝尔德并不认为种植大麻是犯罪;没有人会因此而受到像坐牢这样的严厉惩罚。另一方面，他也不赞成对需要的人进行康复治疗。
As quoted by Nigh in paragraph 23 in Rough Justice, crime is basically a community problem hence the involvement of the same in the upbringing or solving the crime is essential. Baird focuses mainly on the reason behind the imposition of a judgment that involves the offenders ending up into rehabilitation centers. He thinks that the judgment of sending a criminal to a rehab is more inclined towards keeping the public safer from an offender like that. Rehabilitation is not wholly or solely made in order to revise the behaviour of the offender (Baird and Frankel, 2001). There are dangerous criminals out there who are better off if kept in a confined area like a prison where they are treated well. Yet that does not apply to each and every offender on top of that not all of them are open to learning and changing their behaviour.
Punishment is thought to be the process of making the offender realize the mistake and correct that with time. It ranges from rebuking a child to capital punishments like imprisonment and other severe punishments. Offenders are either made to realize their faults or punished severely for the wrongs done by them. Rehabilitation is a mode of punishment in which the offender is precluded from committing any form of offence. According to Macionis and Gerber (paragraph 10), rehabilitation was also a good way to keep the social lives of the offenders intact and parallel in the nineteenth century. Rehabilitation is of many types. There are rehabs where the drug addicts are kept. They are treated over time and are made to do social activities. The treatment starts with freehand exercise to take regular medicines. There are other kinds of rehabilitation centers, too. The inmates are kept away from crime and are made to learn how to be constructive in life.
Baird does not see the long term effects of rehabilitation. He lacks the sense of far-sightedness. He thinks that punishment in Canada and USA is a mixture of too many things giving nothing as an outcome. In paragraph 17, Baird says that even the people who are not a threat to the entire society are sent to the jail which in turn does not really change the attitude of the offender much (Baird and Rosenbaum, 1988). Baird does not find growing marijuana to be a crime; no one must get a severe punishment like going to jail for that reason. On the other hand, he also dismisses the introduction of rehabilitation to the needed ones.
Baird asks the promoters of restorative justice to rethink the ideas about punishment. Here, also comes the story behind the institutions where the offenders are kept. The institutions like Ontario Court of Justice, according to Baird, are not only expensive but they apply inhuman methods on the offenders. This may seem or sound to be a stern attitude towards the offenders, however, this does not at all result in the wellbeing rather deteriorates the morale. The offenders who are thought of being kept under strict supervision are not being punished at all but are going through a series of conduct that may turn them into insane human beings. Baird’s motive is not to demoralize the institution of rehabilitation; he only wants to show the reality. Punishment according to him is not a way to make things better but rather a form of avenging the crime. Punishment according to Baird does not sound like justice but revenge in most cases(Baird and Rosenbaum, 1988). Justice must be such that the offender learns the mistakes and gives up the wrong doings for betterment in life.