二月 2, 2013

美国论文代写价格 2-2

美国论文代写价格

1        For instance, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) imposes many compliance and administrative rules on public companies SOX requires all levels of publicly traded companies to implement and execute internal controls. The most contentious part of SOX is Section 404, which requires the implementation, documentation and testing of internal controls over financial reporting at all levels of the organization. Public companies must also conduct operational, accounting and financial engineering in order to meet Wall Street’s quarterly earnings expectations. This short-term focus on the quarterly earnings report, which is dictated by external analysts, can reduce prioritization of longer-term functions and goals such as research and development, capital expenditures and the funding of pensions, to name but a few examples. In an attempt to manipulate the financial statements, a few public companies have shortchanged their employees’ pension funding while projecting overly optimistic anticipated returns on the pension’s investments

DISADVANTAGES OF PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY :

  1. Existing members of the company may not have full control over the company.
  2. If the company wants to offer shares to the public at large it has to comply the various legal compliances that will take time and almost continuous cost. And F.S.A. requirement and followings also for getting its securities listed on the stock exchange

Public company

At least £700,000 market value in shares

Freely transferable

5 years published or filed accounts or shorter by discretion

25% minimum of the shares must be in public hands

Disclosure of details etc.

  1. It has to provide the following detail to the stock exchange to the stock exchange –

Non exhaustive:

Details of the company

Details of the shares to be issued

Financial details regarding the company

Details of the management – who they are.

Recent developments and prospects of the company and any group etc. and because of this is against  the very intention of the existing members as they want to minimize the public scrutiny but here if public become the member of the Company then they have the right to get  those detail of the company which they are entitled for example :

To check the various type of registers such as charge, members, investments, minutes of the board meeting and minute of the general meeting those which they are allowed as per the law and the article of the company however article of a public company cannot reduce the transparency rather they can enhance the Same, and enhancing is not in the favor of existing member as they have expressed about the same.

美国论文代写价格

例如,2002年“萨班斯 – 奥克斯利法案(SOX)对许多合规,行政法规对上市公司,SOX要求各级实施和执行内部控制的上市公司。最有争议的部分SOX第404条,它要求对财务报告的内部控制各级的组织实施,文档和测试。同时,上市公司必须进行操作,会计及财务,工程,以满足华尔街的季度盈利预期。这种短期的季度盈利报告,这取决于外部分析,重点较长期的功能和目标,如研究和开发,资本支出和养老金的资金,可以降低优先级的名字,但几个例子。在试图操纵财务报表,一些上市公司的弱势员工的养老基金,而养老金的投资预测过于乐观的预期回报

公共有限责任公司的劣势:
1。现有的公司可能无法完全控制了该公司。
2。如果该公司希望广大市民提供股份须遵守的各种法律的遵守,需要一定的时间和成本几乎是连续的。而F.S.A.的要求,以下为获取其证券在联交所上市
上市公司
至少£700,000市值的股份
可自由转让
发表或提交5年,帐户或短的自由裁量权
25%的最低公众持有的股份必须在
披露的细节等。
3。它提供以下详细向证券交易所的证券交易所 –
非详尽:
该公司详情
将予发行的股份的详情
关于本公司的财务细节
细节管理 – 他们是谁。
最近的事态发展和前景的公司和任何组等,因为这是对现有成员的意图,因为他们希望尽量减少公众的监督,但在这里,如果公众成为会员的公司,然后他们有权利得到这些细节的公司,他们有权例如:
要检查在不同类型的寄存器,如充电,投资分钟的董事会会议和分钟的一般会议其中,他们被允许按照法律和该文章的公司但文章的一家上市公司,可以不减少的透明度而是可以提高相同,和提高不是在现有成员的青睐,因为他们都表示大致相同。

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