九月 20, 2017

美国essay代写:基础设施改革

美国essay代写:基础设施改革

在2000年早期进行的跨国别小组研究中,利用了国家所提供的OCD数据,电信基础设施是一个重要的贡献,以及道路和交通基础设施(Calderon,& serven,2004)。一项关于柯布-道格拉斯生产技术的GMM估计已经完成,并通过它建立了对电信、运输和电力部门的积极和重要的产出贡献。特别是,研究表明,这些资产的边际生产率估计增加,超过了非基础设施资本。基础设施资本流入有助于边缘化人群。例如,在阿根廷和巴西最贫穷地区所提供的道路和卫生设施的研究中,它的建立有助于提高穷人的价值。穷人的农场有一项资产价值。然而,更多的这些资产价值并没有达到市场所要求的水平,也没有达到消费者的竞争力,这将导致农民失去消费者的力量,增加农民的贫困。

美国essay代写:基础设施改革

然而,通过在交通和道路等基础设施方面的工作,为贫穷的农民提供更好的资本收益是可能的。尽管这些作物的净现值保持不变,但它们能够在定价计划方面做出改进。就业机会和穷人的收入前景也有所增加,人们注意到,在教育方面,他们更容易获得信息,电信基础设施投资。在这一点上,私有化的作用将包括更好的私营部门参与和更好的执行战略。可持续的私有化收入是当今时代许多组织的重点,这成为了基础设施改革使用私有化服务的可能(Calderon,& serven,2004)。从纯微观的角度看,可以认为,基础设施改革和国家从这种改革中产生的利益,即使没有私营部门的参与也会发生。然而,这样的方法可能不是有效的,它不会涉及到价格或供应策略,这些策略更及时,更有效率。这些费用将更能负担得起,私营部门的参与也因此获得了更好的利益(Calderon,& serven,2004)。

美国essay代写:基础设施改革

In cross country panel studies that was conducted in early 2000 by making use of the OCD data that was available on the countries it was established that telecommunication infrastructure was a significant contribution as well as the road and traffic infrastructures (Calderón, &Servén, 2004). A GMM estimate of a Cobb-Douglas production technology was done and through that it was established that there are both positive and significant output contributions to telecommunication, transport and in the power sector. In particular, the studies indicate that the estimated marginal productivity in these assets were seen to increase and they exceeded more than the non-infrastructural capital. The infrastructural capital inflow helps the marginalized population. For instance, it is established in research that the roads and sanitation that has been provided for in the context of the poorest regions of Argentina and Brazil, helped elevate the value of the poor. There was an asset value in farms for the poor. However, more of these asset values were not reaching the market place as is required, or the ones that do were not being sent at competitive rates for consumers, which would lead to loss of consumer strength for the farmers and increased poverty for the farmers.

美国essay代写:基础设施改革
However, by working on infrastructural elements such as that of the traffic and roadways, it was possible for there to be better capital gains for the poor farmers. Although the net present values of the crops remained the same, they were able to make improvements in terms of their pricing plans . The job opportunities and the income prospects for the poor also increases and it was observed that in terms of education, they had more access to information too with telecommunication infrastructure investment. The role of privatization at this point would include better private sector participation with better strategies to implement. Sustainable privatization revenues have been the focus of many organizations in current times, and this becomes possible by infrastructure reform using privatization services (Calderón, &Servén, 2004). Now from a purely micro perspective, it could be argued that infrastructure reform and the benefits that are incurred by the state from such a reform happens even without the participation of the private sector. However, such a way might not be efficient, it would not involve pricing or supply strategies that are more current in time and are more efficient. These would be more affordable and the participation of the private sector hence achieves a better benefit (Calderón, &Servén, 2004).

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