在给定的案例研究中，Top Engineering Pty Ltd的董事总经理Lee接受了Shifty Sellers Pty Ltd董事的订单，接受了价值20万美元的更多钢缆供应。该订单已交付给狡猾的卖方Pty有限公司的信用。然而，该公司没有支付钢缆的信用额度。研究发现，这种欺诈行为在工程行业被称为不良信用风险。该公司进入清算阶段，并没有支付信贷金额给Top Engineering Pty Ltd.。Con没有披露该公司的负债情况，而且其风险水平也很高。根据法律，行骗行为将被视为非法行为。普通法是由法院法官制定的法律规则和规章。法律总是在变化。法官对普通法的解释是基于他们对法律规则的了解，并运用案件的事实和情况。由于卖方Pty有限公司的财务状况不佳，导致该公司未清偿的债务，由行贿者承担违约责任。众所周知，公司正遭受困难和高债务风险(Evans, 2014)。根据普通法，Con对狡猾的卖方Pty Ltd不偿还债务的情况负有责任。英国的法律体系是以普通法为基础的，成文法结合了一定的规则，而普通法则提供了澄清和解释。法与普通法是相辅相成的。普通法与成文法保持一致。普通法由法官制定，并对特定的案件作出书面判决。法院将决定和评估狡猾的卖方Pty有限公司过去的记录，以及骗子的声誉。法院的法官将能够根据事实解释案件。Con从Top Engineering Pty Ltd .订购了大量的钢缆，但该公司已进入清算阶段。公司的失败是由于欺诈，这将被视为疏忽行为(Sarat, 2011)。上诉法院和上议院制定了与威尔士和英格兰刑事案件有关的法律规则和条例。有些情况是与普通法完全相关的新情况。法院的法官对案件进行解释，并根据事实作出裁决。普通法制度比理想制度更为复杂。法院的判决在特定的司法管辖区具有约束力，并被广泛使用。普通法的法律原则是以对案件作出公正判决为基础的。
In the given case study, the managing director Lee of Top Engineering Pty Ltd accepted a larger supply of the steel cables of amount $200,000 to the order placed by the director of the Shifty Sellers Pty Ltd. The order was delivered to the Shifty Sellers Pty Ltd on credit. However, the company failed to pay the credit amount for the steel cables. It was found that the Con was known as the bad credit risk in the engineering industry. The company went into liquidation and did not pay the credit amount to the Top Engineering Pty Ltd. Con did not disclose the liabilities of the company, and it also had a high level of risk. The act of Con would be considered as an illegal act as per the law. The common law is the legal rules and regulations that are made by the judges in the court. The law changes constantly. The judges interpret the common law on the basis of their knowledge of the legal rules and applying the facts and situation of the case. The con is liable for the debts that are not paid by the Shifty seller Pty Ltd because the financial condition of the company was not good. It was known to Con that the company is suffering from difficulties and has high debt risk (Evans, 2014). According to the common law, Con is liable for the situation of the Shifty Seller Pty Ltd for not paying the debts. The English legal system is based on the common law and the statue law combines certain rules, and the common law provides clarification and interpretations. The statue law and common law are a complement to each other. The common law keeps up to date the statue law. The common law is created by the judges and gives written judgments for the given cases. The court will determine and evaluate the past record of the Shifty Sellers Pty Ltd and also the reputation of Con. The judges of the court will be able to interpret the case on the basis of the facts. Con placed a large order from Top Engineering Pty Ltd for the steel cables, but the company went into liquidation. The failure of the company is due to the Con which would be considered as a negligence act (Sarat, 2011). It is the Court of Appeal and House of Lords that develops the legal rules and regulations in relation to the criminal matters in Wales and England. There are some circumstances that are new entirely in relation to the common law. The judges of the courts interpret the case and take decisions on the basis of the facts. The common law system is more complex than the ideal system. The court decision is binding in a specific jurisdiction, and it is used widely. The legal principles of the common law are based on giving fair judgment to the cases.