四月 2, 2017

美国毕业论文怎么写:心理利己主义

美国毕业论文怎么写:心理利己主义

心理利己主义是一种描述性立场解释人类动机的性质。视图显示,每个人的行为,行动和决策总是出于自身利益。即使在利他行为,人们帮助他人的期望获得一些个人利益通过直接或间接方式如政客的慈善行为节约税收和隐藏黑钱。这一理论指出,每一个自愿行为隐藏的真实动机self-welfare如储蓄人意外获得名誉和宣传。第一解释心理利己主义,行为的特征是“意图”,当人们自私行为的真正动机最大化自身利益如弄巧成拙的行为链吸烟或吸毒。另一种解释是说明了人们如何行动后考虑他们行为的客观后果。通常在这种情况下,行为是针对non-maximizing利己主义,利己主义,人们的感恩行动,或者获得快乐和幸福或满意满足欲望和消除痛苦的生活。e . g。特蕾莎修女的贡献,世界各地的“慈善传教士”吸引了数以百万计的钱,名字和回报,但她只在保护穷人利益撒谎。因此心理利己主义被交易可信性模棱两可的术语“自私”与“利益”。

美国毕业论文怎么写:心理利己主义

很有可能是一个好人,即使心理利己主义是正确的。利他行为,这有助于发展真正的无私,慷慨、大度和富有同情心的态度的人,因为他不能继续假装所有的时间,他的行为动机是只是为了获得尊重和赞誉。除了自我挫败的行为,心理利己主义帮助发展的人,让他照顾他的自身利益之间实现平衡和保护人类。在这个现代世界,这是不切实际的社会福利之前自己的福利。因为社会福利开始从他自己的,心理利己主义教男人挣,培养他的家人和满足他的生存的责任。它也限制了人低估和利用他人如。员工抗议老板对工作的政策使他们额外的工作时间。支持行为的利益达到快乐,感激,幸福和满足,一个人可以变成了可能,成熟和沉稳的个性有能力采取具体的决策例如心理享乐主义的道德教育形式通过惩罚和奖励发展人的能力做正确的事情,因为它是正确的,不是因为它是著名的。

美国毕业论文怎么写:心理利己主义

Psychological Egoism is a descriptive position explaining nature of human motives. It is a view suggesting that every human behavior, action and decision is always motivated by self-interest. Even in altruistic acts, people help others in an anticipation to secure some personal gain by direct or indirect means e.g. Politicians’ charitable acts for saving tax and hiding black money. This theory states that every voluntary action conceals a real motive of self-welfare e.g. saving people from an accident to gain fame and publicity. In the first interpretation of Psychological Egoism, behavior is characterized by the ‘intention’, when people act selfishly with a genuine motive of maximizing their self-interest e.g. self-defeating behavior of chain smoking or drug addiction. The other interpretation is illustrated by how people act after contemplating on the objective consequences of their actions. In this case, behavior is directed usually at non-maximizing egoism with an apparent self-interest where people act with a sense of gratefulness, or for obtaining pleasure and happiness, or satisfaction by fulfilling a desire and erasing pain from life. e. g. Mother Teresa’s contribution to ‘Missionaries of Charity’ all over the world draws millions of money, name and rewards but her self-interest lied only in sheltering poor people. Thus Psychological Egoism gets creditability by trading on the equivocation of the terms ‘Selfishness’ against ‘Self-interest’.

美国毕业论文怎么写:心理利己主义

It is very much possible to be a good person even if the Psychological Egoism is true. In case of altruistic acts, it helps in evolving the true selfless, generous, magnanimous and compassionate attitude of the person as he can’t keep pretending all the time that his actions are motivated only for gaining respect and accolades. Except for self-defeating acts, Psychological Egoism assists development of man by letting him achieve balance between taking care of his self-interests and preserving humanity. In this contemporary world, it is impractical to think of social welfare before own welfare. Since social welfare begins from his own, Psychological Egoism teaches man to earn, foster his family and meet responsibilities for his survival. It also restricts man from getting underestimated and exploited by others e.g. Employees protest against boss for making them work extra hours against work policies. Endorsing acts of self-interest to achieve pleasure, thankfulness, happiness and gratification, a man can be transformed into a poised, mature and composed personality with the power to take concrete decisions e.g. Psychological Hedonism in form of moral education through punishments and rewards develops man’s ability to do right thing because it is right and not because it is famous.

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