本文主要讲移民问题，过去十年来，由于国际移民，世界经济在全球范围内大幅度增长。根据国际货币基金组织的报告，移民占世界总人口的3% (Hatton, T. M.， & Williamson, J.， 2010)。2013年，这一数字上升到世界人口的3.2%。由于环境退化、金融危机、人口和政治力量，国际移徙在最近几年和今后十年将继续增加。过时的政策和法律框架助长了国际移徙的危险，尤其受到全世界日益增长的安全问题的阻碍。本篇英国论文代写文章由英国论文时Essay Times教育网整理，供大家参考阅读。
Over the past decade, as a result of the international migration, the world’s economy has increased substantially across the globe. According to International Monetary Fund reports, migrants constitute 3% of the world’s total population(Hatton, T. M., & Williamson, J., 2010). In 2013 it rose to 3.2% of world’s population.International migration will continue to increase both in the recent years and in the following decade because of environmental degradation, financial crisis, demographic and political forces.Out-dated policy and legal framework has contributed to the perils of international migration and is particularly hampered by growing security concerns all over the world.
Migration does involve cost but at the same time it confers benefits to both the recipient and source countries. However, different countries have various degree of impact on economic, cultural, social and political environment. For recipient countries, however, the impact are small on the sourcing countries suffers more from loss of labour capital but it can be benefitted with the help of trade, remittance and investment (Abel,J. and Sander, N. 2014).
Migration across borders benefits both the recipient and the source countries and it has become imperative to understand the factors and their interrelations. This can be done by analysing every aspect of cost and benefits associated with international migration. However, the impact of social, political, environmental and cultural factors cannot be overlooked (Ho, G. and Shirono, K. 2015).
International migrants can be classified into three groups as per International Migration Report 2013 of United Nation. These are those who migrate between developed regions, migrants moving from south to north and those who migrate in global south countries.
The fiscal losses incurred by the source countries are in the form of loss in the tax revenues and subsidies provided to the migrants for getting education. The source countries on account of emigration have to spend less on social services and thus fiscal savings are incurred. To sum up, the fiscal position of migrants is very important in determining these net losses or gains. There is a net negative impact on fiscal outcomes in case of high skilled emigration, as they contribute taxes to the source countries and utilize meagre public amenities (Oecd, 2012).