1月 15, 2018

论文代写:依恋的本质

论文代写:依恋的本质

根据字典“依恋”是指一种非常深刻和长期的情感关系,它将一个人与另一个人的时间和空间联系在一起(Ainsworth等人,1978;鲍比,1969)。附件在本质上并不总是互惠的。例如,Bowlby(1969)观察到,婴儿高度依恋母亲,而后者则喂养前者。依恋不仅仅意味着喂养是任何联系的主要原因。还有其他的原因,比如情感支持和与食物和住所的接触,这对一个婴儿来说是必不可少的,正如Harlow和Zimmerman在他们的“猴子研究”中指出的那样。

论文代写:依恋的本质
人们已经注意到,像拥抱、抚摸或从父母或照顾者那里得到表扬这样的认知反应,会促进孩子与世界交流的尝试;因此,与那个人产生了强烈的依恋。人们已经注意到,任何不安全的依恋都有长期的影响,并且会增加精神病理学的危险。例如,在幼儿时期有不安全依恋的儿童有发展不适当的沟通技巧和较低的社会技能的倾向,这直接影响到他们的自尊。研究还发现,孩子们有机会患上焦虑症,如果他们在童年早期有不安全的依恋阶段,他们就有可能在以后的生活中无法应对压力。因此,在未来,在有压力的情况下(Bowlby, 1969)有可能无法表达正确的情绪反应。

论文代写:依恋的本质

According to dictionary “attachment” means a very profound and long-term emotional relationship that ties one person to the other across time and space (Ainsworth et al., 1978; Bowlby, 1969). Attachments are not always reciprocal in nature. For instance, it has been observed by Bowlby (1969) that an infant is highly attached to his/her mother as the later feeds the former. Attachment does not only mean that feeding is the main reason behind any bonding. There are other reasons like emotional support and contact along with food and shelter which are essential for an infant as rightly being pointed out by Harlow and Zimmerman in their “Monkey Study”.

论文代写:依恋的本质
It has been noticed that cognitive responses like cuddling, touching or praising from parents or care giver boosts a child’s attempt t communicate with the world; thus develops a strong attachment with that person(s). It has been noticed that any insecurity of attachment has long term impact and will increase the danger of psychopathology. For instance it has been seen that children who have insecure attachment in the early childhood days have the tendency of developing improper communication skills as well as low social skills which have direct impact on their self-esteem. It has been also observed that children have the chance of developing anxiety disorder and have the chance of failing to cope up with stressful situations in their later years of life if they have an insecure attachment phase in their early childhood days. Thus in the future there is a chance of failure to express right emotional reactions in stressful situations (Bowlby, 1969).

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