五月 27, 2019

論文代寫:學習者策略

論文代寫:學習者策略

以Goh(2012)在課堂上發表的文章和Johnson爲出發點,討論與“學習者策略”相關的關鍵問題及其對英語教師的啓示。

語言和策略專家認爲,語言學習者可以通過適當的計劃和策略的使用來發掘自己的學習潛力,實現語言表達的靈活性。(吳,C, C。,M。,2012)

爲了使學習者獲得最大的利益,學習策略必須具備某些特徵。策略必須是有意識地結合智力、社會和直覺過程。通過推理,學習者可以監控自己的社會行爲和理解理解的能力。這些策略受元認知的控制,元認知是指對自己思維過程的認知和理解。學習者應該能夠理解他們讀或聽的內容,或者能夠通過有效的說和寫來表達意思。這種元認知水平取決於學習者對學習策略各個方面的關注程度。在解決一個不熟悉話題的綜合問題時,這種注意力可能會有所不同。爲了更好地從中提取,策略或方法應該單獨使用,或者以一種智能和有組織的方式來形成一套流程系統,以實現更好的通信。例如,當學習者進行口譯並意識到他們在口譯中犯了錯誤時,他們應該重新審視他們的策略,並重新嘗試另一個計劃。不這樣做的人可能無法得到可接受或準確的解釋。關於獨特策略的知識和運用可以由學習者共同開發和管理(Goh, C.,C.,M.)。,2012)。

學習者基本上可以遵循兩種策略,一種是提高對語言的掌握能力,如記憶和重複詞彙,另一種是在語言使用過程中加強交流。雖然它可能不會直接促進語言的發展,但最好避免在交談中保持沉默。策略的使用取決於三個因素:學習者的能力、他們完成的任務以及使用這些策略的環境。研究人員的報告清楚地表明,高水平學習者比低水平學習者更瞭解自己的思維過程。在現實中,學習策略可以是廣義的一系列行動,也可以是侷限於小任務的具體行動(Goh, C.,C.,M.)。,2012)。

論文代寫:學習者策略

Using the article by Goh (2012) given out in class and Johnson as starting point, discuss the key issues relating to ‘learner strategies’ and their implications for teachers of ELT.

Language and strategy experts believe that language learners can explore their learning potential and can achieve the flexibility in language speaking through proper planning and use of strategies. (Goh, C.,C., M., 2012)

There are certain characteristics that a learning strategy must possess in order to give maximum benefit to the learner. Strategies must be deliberate incorporating intellectual, social and intuitive processes. By making inferences, learner can monitor their own social behaviour and the ability to understand the comprehension. These kinds of strategies are controlled by metacognition that means awareness and understanding of one’s own thought processes. The learners should be able to comprehend what they read or listen or should be able to express the meanings through effective speaking and writing. This level of metacognition depends on the amount of attention given by the learner to various aspects of learning strategy. This attention may vary in case of solving a comprehensive problem on a non-familiar topic when compared to talking someone face-to-face on a familiar topic. To get better extract out of this, strategies or methodologies should be utilized individually or in an intelligent and organized manner to shape a system of processes for accomplishing a superior correspondence. For example, when learners interprets and realize that they have made a mistake in interpretation, they should revisit their strategies and retry with another plan. One who fails to do so may not arrive at an acceptable or accurate interpretation. Knowledge about and utilization of distinctive strategies might be mutually developed and managed by learners cooperating together (Goh, C.,C.,M., 2012).

Learners basically can follow two types of strategies, one which improves the command on your language such as remembering and iterating the vocabularies and the other which can enhance the communication during language use. Although it may not directly contribute to language development, it is better to avoid being silent during conversations. The utilization of strategies depends on three factors: the learners’ ability, the tasks they complete and the surroundings in which these strategies are utilized. Reports from researchers clearly indicate that high proficiency learners are more aware about their thought processes than the low proficiency individuals. In reality, learning strategies can be general to broad set of actions or specific confined to small tasks (Goh, C.,C.,M., 2012).

Copyright © 2020 · Essay Times 论文时 All Rights Reserved · Service & Product Provided Are Used Solely for The Purpose of Research Only