3月 16, 2022

论文代写价格:性别的社会构建

论文代写价格:性别的社会构建。性别的社会建构主要来自社会学和哲学理论、女权主义者和许多世俗活动家。他们的论点是,性别,或者更准确地说,性别角色,是社会建构的,它们每一个都是相同的,除了它们原始的生物差异。虽然社会建构是在评估主要社会中性别角色的分配后定义和推导的,但不可能拒绝它们所显示的生物、物理和无生命的差异。接下来澳洲论文代写将对性别的社会构建进行以下分析。

性别角色是根据两种性别的主要习惯、生理变化和困难、身体能力、情绪差异、行为差异及其日常倾向的背景评估而强加或构建的。在社会上,构建性别角色及其定义可能不会因为其偏见或预设而被拒绝,因为尽管他们的论点是同一性的,但两者之间存在明显的、不变的差异。值得注意的是,性别角色可能是由社会建构的,但构建性别差异是不可能的,因为没有什么可以反驳两性之间的神性差异。两性之间的区别可能有一条细线或模糊线,因为随着文明的进步和世俗观念在主要宗教和种族中不断增长,这些角色正在被淡化。例如,Lorber(1990)认为,许多男性照顾孩子,女性像男性一样工作很长时间,这种性别角色的模糊或混合使得性别角色难以分离,只有生理差异没有改变。

长期以来,种族和宗教一直被认为是社会性别建构背后的主要力量。例如,在印度教中,女性被认为是截然不同的,与男性有自己的个人存在,男性也是如此。该宗教还认为,是两种性别的结合使他们成为一体,并将两种性别视为两种不同的个人,作为神圣的礼物,而不是任何性别比另一种性别少或多(Pintchman和Sherma, 2011)。这种信念使许多男性和女性坚守自己的性别角色,或许这种安排可以被称为社会建构。然而,这种社会建构是在对两性及其生理和情感属性进行深思熟虑的分析之后才产生的。同样,在伊斯兰教中,妇女被认为比男子出身低,因此,她们在社会上被构建为终生服从于男子。基督教选择了一种世俗的观点,不区分或歧视性别,认为他们没有什么不同。这严重影响了女性寻找男性特质和去健身房锻炼的能力,许多男性受到了女性特质的影响,他们的行为和思维都更像女性。Gorely, Holroyd和Kirk(2003)描述了争论男性和女性属性的主题,以及需要性别相关的教育来打破两种性别角色的混合。这是有益的,当生物差异不匹配,永远不能匹配并成为普遍的,这可能导致一个令人沮丧的观点,将差异作为歧视。当性别角色之间没有差异时,当内在的性别特征被误导到它们不是的东西时,就会出现严重的困惑。这可能会导致严重的心理问题,特别是对于那些试图变得男性化的女性来说,她们失败得很惨,因为她们的生理根源与男性完全不同。即使是男人在试图变得女性化的时候也会受到严重的影响,他们可能会失去生育和性结合的生物责任。

The social construction of gender hails largely from sociological and philosophical theories, feminists and many secular activists. Their argument is that gender or, more precisely, gender roles, are social constructed and each of them is identical except for their primitive biological differences. Although social construction is defined and derived after assessing the allotment of gender roles in major societies, there can be no rejection of the biological, physical and inanimate differences they display.

Gender roles are imposed or constructed depending on the background assessment of the two gender’s primary habits, biological changes and difficulties, physical abilities, emotional differences, behavioral differences and their daily inclinations. Socially, constructing gender roles and their definition may not be rejected for its bias or presuppositions, because despite their argument of oneness, there are visible and unchanging differences between the two. It may be noted that gender roles may be socially constructed but it is impossible to construct gender differences because nothing can disprove divine differences of the two genders. There could be a thin line or a blur line identifying and defining the differences between the two genders, because these roles are getting diluted as civilization progresses and secular outlook keeps growing in major religions and races. For example, Lorber (1990) asserts that many men take care of their children and women work like men for long hours, and this blurring or intermixing of gender roles makes it difficult to segregate gender roles, leaving down only the biological differences unchanged.

Races and religions have long been considered as the primary force behind social construction of gender. For example, in Hinduism, women are considered distinctly different and having its own personal existence to men and the same goes for men. The religion also believes that it is the union of the two genders that make them one and it places tremendous importance behind regarding the two gender as two distinct individuals of divine gifts and not any gender less or more than the other (Pintchman and Sherma, 2011). This belief has made many men and women stick to their gender roles and, probably such arrangement can be called as social construction. However, this social construction only comes after deliberate analysis of the two gender and their biological and emotional attributes. Similarly, in Islam, women is considered to be of a lower birth than men and therefore, they are socially constructed as subordinate to men throughout their life. Christianity opts for a secular outlook which does not differentiate or discriminate between genders and regards them as no different. This has had a serious impact on women’s ability to seek masculine attributes and working out in gym, and many men have been impacted by feminine qualities who behave and think more like women. Gorely, Holroyd and Kirk (2003) describe the theme that argues about masculine and feminine attributes and the need for gender-relevant education to break the intermixing of the two gender roles. This is beneficial when the biological differences do not match and cannot ever match and become universal, which could cause a distressing perspective by taking differences as discrimination. When there is no difference between gender roles, there can be significant confusions when the inherent gender traits are misled to something they are not. This can cause serious psychological issues, especially for women who try and become masculine and they fail miserably because their biological roots are completely different from men. Even men can be seriously impacted when trying to becoming feminine, there can be a loss of their biological responsibilities of procreation and sexual union.

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