1月 5, 2018

论文代写:规模经济

论文代写:规模经济

市场上的寡头垄断或垄断优势将导致进入壁垒。进入壁垒通常有很多种类,分为两类,即自然界或结构性进入壁垒和人为壁垒或战略壁垒。一些自然进入壁垒或结构性进入壁垒是大规模生产经济,网络效应,稀缺资源的所有权或控制,高昂的建立成本,高的研发等(Nelson,2004)。在人为或战略障碍的情况下,其中一些是掠夺性定价,限制定价,掠夺性收购,转换成本,广告,强大的品牌,忠诚计划等。

论文代写:规模经济
当生产和单位成本价值如此紧张以致产量的单位成本在产量增加时下降的时候,规模经济就会发生。在市场上的竞争者已经在市场上引起规模经济的任何市场上,那么进入的障碍是新进入者将不得不努力与这些竞争者竞争以达到类似的竞争水平。另一方面,如果他们要降低价格,那么他们可能不会获利。规模经济总体上有助于降低消费者的价格差距。如果一个国家只能专门生产一种商品,那么它就可以实现规模经济,这有助于控制价格。

论文代写:规模经济

The oligopoly or the monopoly dominance in a market will result in entry barriers. Entry barriers are usually of many types, classified under two main categories which are that of the natural or structural entry barrier and the artificial or the strategic barrier. Some of the natural entry barriers or the structural entry barriers are that of economies of large scale production, network effects, the ownership or control of scarce resource, high set up costs, high R&D etc (Nelson, 2004). In the case of artificial or strategic barriers, some of them are predatory pricing, limit pricing, predatory acquisition, switching costs, advertising, strong branding, loyalty schemes etc.

论文代写:规模经济
Economies of scale will happen when production and unit cost values are so tied up that unit cost of product goes down in value when production volume increases. In any market where the competitors in the market have caused economies of scale in the market, then it is a barrier to entry as new entrants will have to strive to compete with these competitors in order to achieve a similar level of competitiveness. On the other hand, if they were to reduce their prices, then they might not get a profit. Economies of scale on an overall are helpful in reducing the price differential for the consumer. Where a country is able to specialize in the production of one good only, then it will be able to practice economies of scale and this helps in the controlling of prices.

Copyright © 2020 · Essay Times 论文时 All Rights Reserved · Service & Product Provided Are Used Solely for The Purpose of Research Only