十一月 18, 2017

论文代写:城市基础设施建设

论文代写:城市基础设施建设

此外,思想阶段是形成阶段的一部分,是有关各方首先考虑事件的想法。投票结果显示,索契在第1和第2轮的竞标中胜出,而平昌和萨尔茨堡则落后(申办2014年)。该活动符合目的地形象,而活动网站在城市基础设施和场地设施方面缺乏的是政府处理的(Chappelet,2014)。可行性阶段考虑实施约550亿美元的举办活动。在可行性阶段,有红色警报,因为成本大约是出价的12亿美元的4.5倍。在这方面,只有16亿美元是实际的体育项目,这意味着索契是作为一个有剩余数量的场地准备的。

论文代写:城市基础设施建设
第二阶段是成长阶段。在这一点上,网站和事件已经被考虑,但是事件必须被出价到合适的价格,以及不同党派提出的完成提议或投标。此外,这里是场馆总体规划的制定阶段,基础设施建设也在竞争中。此外,在这一点上还建立了品牌战略。在成长阶段,人们注意到索契参与了大量的建筑活动(Alekseyeva,2014)。对政府和利益相关者的影响都是很高的,因为人们观察到大量的公共资金也在这里度过。公共部门的份额约为96.5%。大规模的建设已经完成,但发达的酒店仍然面临着产能过剩的问题。快速的城市发展对可持续性并没有太大的影响,因此,目前对场地基础设施(奥运会之后)的大部分维护都落在了政府身上。这些费用每年约为12亿美元(Muller,2014年)。

论文代写:城市基础设施建设

Moreover, the idea stage is part of the formation stage and is where the event idea is first considered by concerned parties. The voting results announced Sochi as winning the bid in the 1st and 2nd round while PyeongChang and Salzburg fell behind (Games Bids, 2014). The event fit the destination image, and what the event site lacked in terms of city infrastructure and venue amenities was handled by the Government (Chappelet, 2014). The feasibility stage considered an implementation of around $55 billion for hosting the event. Here in the feasibility stage itself, there were red alarms as the cost was about 4.5 times more than the 12$ billion that was placed as bid. Of this, only 16$ billion was actual sports related, which meaning Sochi was prepared as a venue with the remaining amount.

论文代写:城市基础设施建设
The second stage is the growth stage. At this point, the site and event have been considered, but the event will have to be bid out to proper price, and completion proposals or tenders presented by different parties. In addition, this is the stage where the venue master plan is drawn out, and the infrastructural developments are competed. In addition, a brand strategy is created at this point. Now in the growth stage, it was observed that Sochi was involved in plentiful construction activities (Alekseyeva, 2014). The impact to Government, and stakeholder was both high as it was observed a large amount of public money was also spent here. The public share was around 96.5 per cent. Extensive construction was done, but the developed hotels still suffered from issues of overcapacities. The Rapid City development did not a lot much for sustainability and as a consequence much of the current maintenance of the site infrastructure (after the Olympics) fell on the Government. These expenses amount to around $1.2 billion per year (Müller, 2014).

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