12月 8, 2017

论文代写:布法罗城市的衰落

论文代写:布法罗城市的衰落

该地区的材料有限,劳动力成本低廉,使旧的结构成为进步的机会。人们认为,由于人口减少,布法罗市经历了严重的城市衰落。人们认为,在城市衰落(Hess和Almeida,2007)中,对布法罗市的经济活力损失进行量化的努力微乎其微。在城市的水平上有一些经济性质的活动。然而,社会科学家和经济学家刚刚开始了解城市衰落的功能和影响。经济学家Joseph Gyourko和Edward Glaeser(2005)提出了一个模型,他们详细阐述了城市的衰落过程。其中一个核心观点认为,持久的房屋性质意味着城市的衰落过程不会复制城市扩张的过程。在这个正在增长的城市里,住房需求得到了新的住房建设(Muth,2011)。

论文代写:布法罗城市的衰落
当城市的经济生产力下降,并导致对工人的需求减少时,人们就会看到人们从城市转移。在城市人口减少的情况下,住房单位在城市的城市景观中保持完好,并造成住房存量过剩。因此,按照Gyourko和Glaeser的模型,一个城市的房价下跌是由于它与住房需求减少的互动,从而导致房屋价格的快速下降(Rappaport,2013)。这一模型所作的断言得到了关于布法罗市的实证证据的支持,因为在本世纪下半叶,真正的房价已经减少了。所讨论的模型的一个关键含义是,房屋价格的降低吸引了越来越多的穷人,而且他们可能拥有较少的人力资本。正是这些人的存在使得这个衰落的城市无法恢复其经济衰退。这是由于令人担忧的,这使得吸引这些需要高人力资本水平的工人的企业变得具有挑战性。

论文代写:布法罗城市的衰落

The area is reached a state where materials are limited and the labor is cheap that makes the old structures an opportunity for the progress. It is considered through the population decline that the city of Buffalo has experienced a severe nature of urban decline. It is regarded that there are very minimal efforts of quantification for the economic vitality loss in the city of Buffalo afflicted by the urban decline (Hess and Almeida, 2007). There are certain measures of activity that is of economic nature at the level of city. However, the social scientists and economists have just initiated to understand the functionality and impact of the urban decline. A model has been developed by the economists namely Joseph Gyourko and Edward Glaeser (2005) who elaborated the urban decline process. One of the core insights suggests that durable housing nature implies which urban decline process will not replicate the urban expansion process. Within the city that is growing, the housing demand is met by the new dwellings construction (Muth, 2011).

论文代写:布法罗城市的衰落
When the city experiences reduction within the productivity of economy and results in the lower demand for the workers, the individuals are viewed to shift from the city. Wherein the population decline occurs in the city, the units of housing remains intact within the urban landscape of the city and creates housing stock in excess. Hence, as per the Gyourko and Glaeser’s model, a city with such a decline is to be characterized by the housing stock as it makes interaction with the housing demand reduction, resulting in the rapid drop within the real house pricing (Rappaport, 2013). The assertions made by this model is supported by the empirical evidence for the city of Buffalo as the real housing price has reduced in the latter half of the century. A critical implication of the discussed model is that reduction in the prices of houses attracts increased number of individuals that are poor and who are likely to possess less amount of human capital. It is the presence of such individuals that makes the declining city unable to restore its decline of economy. This is due to the concern that makes it challenging to attract such businesses which require the workers with high human capital levels.

Copyright © 2020 · Essay Times 论文时 All Rights Reserved · Service & Product Provided Are Used Solely for The Purpose of Research Only