十月 16, 2017

加拿大多伦多大学论文怎么写:企业社会责任

加拿大多伦多大学论文怎么写:企业社会责任

摘要企业社会责任是管理学研究领域中最常被讨论的概念之一。尽管关于这个问题的文献是大量的,但它的定义共识(Jamali等人,2015年)(Jamali和2016年)都存在明显的缺失。有一些观点的作者不存在对这一术语的任何定义,这是大多数作者都不同意的观点。某些作者倾向于利用社会责任作为一个术语来澄清相关的问题不能只局限于盈利的组织。根据Dahlsrud(2010)的说法,社会责任是社会因素的构建,他认为,在没有偏见的问题上制定一个定义是有问题的(Dahlsrud和2015年)。然而,就本文的目的而言,企业社会责任已被定义为若干种方式,即企业能够通过使用价值道德的方法来实现商业上的成功,向人们提供荣誉,并尊重他们,同时确保外部环境不会受到伤害。摘要为了解释企业社会责任的本质和动机,有4个关键理论。这些理论包括古典观点、工具观、政治理论观和综合理论观。

加拿大多伦多大学论文怎么写:企业社会责任
古典主义观点:新古典主义和古典主义认为只有社会责任的管理才能最大限度地发挥优势。根据米尔顿弗里德曼的理论,新古典主义经济学家认为,任何企业的社会责任都应该导致利润最大化。他进一步认为,在大多数情况下,盈利能力和CSR都是负相关的。他认为,那些追求企业社会责任的组织利用的资本可能是股东的利润,工人的工资或工资,或者他们可能会提高他们的产品价格来追求这样的计划(Lozano等人,2016年)。根据他的说法,这里唯一的例外是,在一个较小的社区内成为一个重要的雇主,并继续投入资源在这个特定的社区提供设施,这是符合公司利益的。这导致了很容易吸引到那些想要的员工,减少了比尔的工资,或者减少了破坏和偷窃的损失,或者有其他有价值的自然的影响(Takkar,2015年)。

加拿大多伦多大学论文怎么写:企业社会责任

CSR is one of the most popularly discussed concepts in the research field of management. Even though the literature over this subject is in large amount, there exists a clear absence over its definitions consensus (Jamali et al., 2015) (Lozano et al 2016). There are certain authors of the opinion that do not exist any definition for this term which is one assertion that most authors have disagreed upon. Certain authors are of the preference to utilize social responsibility as a term for clarifying that related problems cannot be restricted to only organizations making profit. According to Dahlsrud (2010), CSR is a construction of social factors and he argued that it is problematic to develop a definition on the subject which is unbiased (Jamali et al 2015). For the purpose of this paper however, CSR has been defined as several ways by which organizations are able to achieve success commercially through use of methods honouring values ethically, offer honour to people and respect them along with ensuring that no harm is laid over the external environment. In order to explain CSR nature and motive, there are 4 key theories. These theories are inclusive of classical view, Instrumental view, political theory view and integrative theoretical view.

加拿大多伦多大学论文怎么写:企业社会责任

Classical view: The neo-classicalists and classicalists are of the belief that only social responsibility of the management results in maximizing advantage. According to Milton Friedman, the neo-classicalist economists believe that any firms CSR should result in profit maximization. He further believed that in most situations, the profitability and CSR are negatively related. He argued that organizations which pursue initiatives for CSR utilize capital that could have been shareholders profit, workers wage or salary or they might have increased their product price for pursuing such initiatives (Lozano et al., 2016). According to him, the only exception that exists here is that it is in the firm’s interest to become a key employer within a smaller community and continue devoting resources to provide facilities across that specific community. This leads towards making it easy to attract employees that are desirable, reduce the bill wage or lessen the loss from sabotage and pilferage or have other effects of worthwhile nature (Takkar, 2015).

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