Therefore the organizations must work as organisms do by constantly adapting so that they could survive in a constantly changing environment. As a consequence, sub units evolve in the society as patterns of sequentially shifting relationships that allows the whole to continue. (Bellah Roberts, 1959)
We have looked at the key contributions made by Durkheim in the field of sociology. Durkheim identified that the sources of discontent are mainly because of the occupational roles and rewards are not allocated on merit. Market relations are the casual basis of analysis which studies the cause and affect relationships. The social basis of discontent was not within the biological tendencies of the individual which is quite interesting that a theorist who has mentioned that biological could only fix the limits of organic station has mentioned that they should be portrayed as locating insatiable aspirations. H e also viewed the contradictions between the hereditary privilege and opportunities which are based on merit which is causing the discontent and has blocked the opportunities for many and led to unfair competition in the labour market. He pointed out the individualism is grounded in the economy and the effect of culture is therefore stressed. He thought that rapid social changes had created a situation which was not rewarding on merit. He had the awareness that the feelings of dissatisfaction were not related the level of incomes or wealth but were relative to a place of a particular occupation in the hierarchy. This is the legacy of Durkheim which attempts to connect the economic conditions of society to its moral climate.
我们已经看过由涂尔干社会学领域作出重要贡献。涂尔干确定不满的来源，主要是因为职业角色和回报不择优分配。市场关系的分析研究原因和影响的关系是休闲的基础。不满的社会基础是不属于个人，这是相当有趣的是，提到的理论家提到，生物有机车站的限制只能解决定位贪得无厌的愿望，他们应该被描绘成的生物倾向。 h E的大小也查看了它们的优点的基础上，这是造成不满，并封锁了许多机会，导致在劳动力市场上的不公平竞争世袭的特权和机会之间的矛盾。他指出，个人主义接地在经济和文化的影响，因此强调。他认为，快速的社会变革创造了一个情况，这是不是择优奖励。他有不满情绪的意识，没有相关的收入或财富水平，但相对层次结构中的特定职业的地方。这是涂尔干的遗产尝试连接社会的经济条件，其道德的气候。