十月 31, 2017

代写论文:政治科学

代写论文:政治科学

哲学家、政治学学者亚里斯多德关于政治的概念和理论被认为是政治科学教育的主要基础。政治学家和研究人员经常引用亚里士多德在处理政治科学时提出的几个论点。政治家或政治家所执行的任务都是在政治科学的基础上进行研究的。在各种不同的职责中,政治家最重要的职责就是在制定国家宪法的过程中扮演法律制定者的角色。立法者的首要责任必须确保在治理体系中存在着政治上的平等。亚里士多德以明确的方式解释了平等的概念,或者独立地形成了一个更广泛的观点。亚里士多德通过解释城邦或城市的起源来开始他的书政治。他在《政治》一书的第一卷中写道:“在办公室里分享决定,任何公民都是最恰当的描述”(亚里士多德2016,125 – 225)。他说,“任何一个人被认为参与任何涉及任何审议或任何决定的办公室都被称为公民”(亚里士多德2016,130 – 220)。

代写论文:政治科学
任何公民的基本权利之一是平等,在制度上建立适当的平等,需要一种稳定和有效的宪法。政治体制内的平等是平等的基本权利的一部分,有利于政治制度的有效工作。他提到,一旦一个国家制定了适当的宪法,就需要采取一些措施来维持它。只要有必要进行改革,就必须进行改革,而可能威胁整个政治体系的事态发展应该得到预防。亚里士多德认为,政治平等有许多限制。在描述政治平等的同时,亚里斯多德说:“很明显,以类似的方式参与统治国家,并作出回应是政治制度的必要因素”(亚里士多德2016,150 – 240)。政治上的平等并不一定要符合正义,但是超越道德和理想主义的冒险是有效统治一个国家的必要条件(亚里士多德和Reeve,2017年)。亚里士多德还指出,政治上的平等并不意味着所有的办公室都将对所有公民开放。必须指出的是,亚里士多德以一种可能无法治愈每一个普遍的政治问题的规则的形式感到平等。他说,“平等有两倍的形式:一个是数字形式,另一个是价值”(亚里士多德,2016,155 – 265),数值形式,指具有相同数量或大小,而优点是用比例来表示的。在某些情况下,应该应用数值平等,在其他情况下,应该选择在优点方面的平等。因此,这就是亚里士多德在政治上所描述的政治平等的不同限制。

代写论文:政治科学

The philosopher and political science scholar Aristotle’s concepts and theories on politics are considered as the primary foundations of political science education. Political scientists and researchers often cite several arguments presented by Aristotle in his works dealing with political science. The tasks performed by a politician or a statesman are studied under political science. Among various such duties, the most significant duty of such a statesman is the role that he plays as a lawgiver in framing the constitution for the state. The foremost responsibility of a lawgiver must ensure that there is a political equality maintained in the system of governance. Aristotle has explained the concept of equality in an explicit manner or independently formed a wider view point. Aristotle begins his book Politics by explaining the origins of a polis or city. He writes in the 1st volume of the book Politics that any citizen “is described most appropriately by sharing the decision in office” (Aristotle 2016, 125-225). He says that “whichever person is deemed to participate in any office involving any kind of deliberation or any decision is referred as a citizen” (Aristotle 2016, 130-220).

代写论文:政治科学
One of the primary rights of any citizen is equality, and for establishing proper equality in the system, a stable and efficient constitution is required. Equality within the political system is a part of this fundamental right of equality and facilitates the efficient working of the political system. He mentions that once a state has a proper constitution that is put in place, only a few measures are needed to be taken for its maintenance. Reforms must be introduced whenever there is the need to do so, and developments which might threaten the entire system of politics should be prevented. There are many limitations of political equality according to Aristotle. While describing political equality, Aristotle says “It is quite evident that participating in ruling the state in a similar way and being ruled in response is a necessary element for the political system” (Aristotle 2016, 150-240). Political equality is not necessarily required to comply with justice, but ventures beyond the moral abilities and idealisms is necessary for efficiently ruling a state (Aristotle and Reeve, 2017). Aristotle also states that political equality does not necessarily imply that all the offices will remain open to all the citizens. It must be mentioned that Aristotle feels equality in the form of a rule that might not be able to cure each and every political problem universally. He says that “equality has a two-fold form: while one is a numerical form, the other is in terms of the merit” (Aristotle 2016, 155-265)The term, numerical form, refers to having the same quantity or size, while merit is implied in terms of ratio. In some cases, numerical equality should be applied, and in other cases, equality in terms of merit should be chosen. Thus, these are the different limitations in political equality as described by Aristotle in Politics.

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