Study report from the United Nations brings many legal issues in the context of women to the forefront. Of this a major percentage is about the sexual violence faced by women around the world. Rape and other forms of sexual violence as inflicted on women are seen to take precedence. From being beaten up by intimate partners to coercion into sex, it can be said that the patterns of abusive behavior are not just confined to a nation’s issue, but is definitely more of an international one. Department of Justice in different countries has tried to set standards, rules, and legislation in order to protect women and over the last two decades, the standpoint of the international bodies such as international human rights commission and others have also sought to address the same. In this context, this paper seeks to present and critically analyze the number of obligations in relation to states’ responses to rape and other forms of sexual violence as was proposed by the European Court of Human Rights. In addition to explaining these obligations, the essay attempts to present whether the United Kingdom has met these obligations.
In evaluating whether the United Kingdom has met them, it could be said that there are many instances where concerns have been raised. For instance, in the case of the Istanbul convention ratification which would work to prevent violence against women, it is identified that the Government signed the treaty in 2012 but has not set a proper date on when to ratify it. The government seems to lose much time in consultation with the authorities of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. This leads to many issues as violence against women has become a state emergency. In the years between 2009 and 2015, it was established that women were killed in large numbers. Activists who cite the ECHR has advocated and argued for the UK government to extend the right services for critical support to women and girls who were suffering in terms of violence and sexual crimes. More services are required in the United Kingdom in order to support these women. It is found that mitigating the consequences is just one part of the equation. As the ECHR states, where the nations exercise due diligence then they are actually being proactive.
The UK government is indeed looking to develop initiatives to stop violence proactively such as that of criminalizing forced marriages and also setting up newer funds in the amount of £15 million for supporting the local services that work with the survivors. However, the issues are that the United Kingdom has taken much time for implementation and regulation and now with the standpoint in Brexit, it means such implementations would become more complex in process if not in action.