十一月 2, 2017

代写论文:女性在劳动关系中起的作用

代写论文:女性在劳动关系中起的作用

一个性别化的市场几乎总是被低估了女性的劳动关系。人口普查工作人员将主要的职业划分为男性和女性,他们往往低估了女员工的工作。例如,在农业方面,人们观察到妇女的作用几乎总是被理解为不那么熟练或更少影响的工作。例如,在一些国家,劳动人口对农业的参与被理解为季节性的。妇女和她们的传统角色是在她们的家庭背景下被考虑的,而这项工作常常被忽视作为非正式的工作。这项工作被认为是无报酬的工作,这样的工作导致了理解家庭经济的差距。大约有17个欧洲国家的研究人员估计,早在20世纪70年代,就有多少人在做家务。

代写论文:女性在劳动关系中起的作用
奥地利、保加利亚、法国、英国和瑞典等国参与了这项研究。据估计,妇女提供了大量家庭服务。从女性20岁开始,就发现女性的家庭服务比消费服务要多。另一方面,男性和儿童是这些服务的主要受益者。家庭工作的净时间转移几乎总是在女性结束的时候,除非瑞典的情况是,男性在比较笔记上提供更多的家庭护理服务从20岁到50岁。在这种情况下,妇女在维持家庭和家庭中所花费的时间的金钱价值被忽视了。劳动收入是由女性挣的,但认为是她们的家庭努力。这一劳动收入和市场价值没有得到适当的评估。目前在发达市场和中等收入市场的国家会计方法只考虑在市场上销售的商品和服务。在家庭的商品消费者的情况下,国家会计方法包括它们,但在服务的情况下没有包含。因此,目前的经济监测不包括妇女及其服务的生产。

代写论文:女性在劳动关系中起的作用

A gendered market is almost always characterized by underreporting of women labour engagements. Census workers classifying the main occupation of men and women always tend to underreport the work done by female workers. For instance, in the case of agriculture, it is observed that the role of the women has almost always been understood with respect to less skilled or less impact works. In some countries for instance, the labor force’s participation of women with respect to agriculture is understood as a seasonal one. Women and their traditional role are considered in the context of their household and this work is often neglected as an informal one. This work is considered as unpaid work and such unaccounted of work leads to gaps in understanding household economy. Estimates were raised from around 17 European countries by researchers based on how much unaccounted-for housework can be traced from as early as the 1970s.

代写论文:女性在劳动关系中起的作用
Countries like Austria, Bulgaria, France, United Kingdom and Sweden were part of this study. It was estimated that women provide a large percentage of household services. From when women were just 20 years old, it was observed that women produce more household services than they consumed services. Men and children on the other hand are main beneficiaries of these services. Net time transfer by household working is almost always high on the women’s end, except in the case of Sweden where men on a comparative note provided more household care services from their 20’s to their 50’s. In such contexts, the monetary value of time spent by women in maintaining their family and household is neglected. Labour income is earned by women but thought their household efforts. This labour income and market value is not assessed properly. The current national accounting methodology in both developed markets and markets of medium income only consider those goods and services that are sold in the marketplace. In the case of goods consumers in the household, the national accounting methodology includes them, but in the case of services there is no inclusion. The current economic monitoring hence does not include women and their production of services.

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