12月 8, 2020

澳洲论文代写:政府间合作组织

澳洲论文代写:政府间合作组织

Drezner(2014)的研究发现,自过去几十年以来,贸易自由化政策、技术进步和资本管制的取消所推动的全球化有助于拉近世界的距离。可以看出全球互联性和经济一体化在快速增长,并开始变得极其复杂(Drezner, 2014)。国际新秩序也可以通过将国际经济的中心点转变为新兴经济体来分类。

随着新兴经济体的崛起,适当程度的国际互联性得到了加强。Hajnal(2007)的研究证实了这些说法。尽管中国在这方面处于领先地位,但其他新兴经济体在全球经济事务上的影响力也在不断增强,这反映在金砖国家等机构以及最近以来的20国集团(Hajnal, 2007, 11)的崛起上。IGO机制在以下方面加强了合作。

澳洲论文代写:政府间合作组织

政府间组织为促进合作做出了重要贡献。在政府间组织的帮助下,各州在考虑定期互动时变得高度社会化。这类定期互动发生在联合国会员国之间。以下是所涉及的关键角色(Hoge, 2004,7):

其中一些可以看到建立监测、分析和收集资料的正规化程序。

一些政府间组织,如世界贸易组织,一直专注于制定规则、解决争端和惩罚那些没有遵守规则的人的程序的发展。

可以看到,其他政府间组织正在开展有助于解决重大实质性问题的业务活动

政府间组织还在谈判中发挥关键作用,作为发展和谈判联盟的舞台

政府间组织可被视为维护和创建国际原则和规则的先锋。它们侧重于建立与其对其他国家的行为有关的期望。这些被称为国际制度(Hoge, 2004, 4)。

澳洲论文代写:政府间合作组织

Since the last few decades, as identified in the research by Drezner (2014), globalization driven by the policies of trade liberalization, enhanced technological progress, and removal of capital controls has been useful in bringing the world close. Global interconnectedness and economic integration can be seen to increase at a rapid speed and has started to become extremely complicated (Drezner, 2014). The new international order can also be categorized by shifting the central point of the international economy turning out to be an emerging economy.

As emerging economies have been rising as significant places, there has been a reinforcement of appropriate level of international interconnectedness and these claims were supported by facts in the research by Hajnal (2007). While China is the leader in this context, other emerging economies have been increasing their presence across the global economic affair, in reflection by the rising prominence of bodies like BRICS nations, and since recently, the G20(Hajnal, 2007, 11). The mechanisms of IGO result in the enhancement of cooperation in the following way.

澳洲论文代写:政府间合作组织

IGOs make key contribution for promoting cooperation. By IGOs, states have ended up becoming highly socialized when considering interactions on regular basis. These types of regular interactions take place between states have membership in the United Nations. Following are the key roles involved (Hoge, 2004, 7):

Some can be seen establishing processes of regularization for the surveillance, analysis and gathering of information.

Some of the IGOs, like the World Trade Organization, have been focused on the development of procedures for making rules, settling disputes and punishing the ones facing failure in following such rules.

Other IGOs can be seen conducting operation based activities that are useful for the resolution of major substantive issues

IGOs also play a crucial role in bargaining that serves as arenas for the development and negotiation of coalitions

IGOs can be seen as spearheading the maintenance and creation of international principles and rules. They focus on the establishment of expectation related to their behavior towards other states. These are referred to as international regimes (Hoge, 2004, 4).

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