1月 10, 2022

澳洲论文代写:香港房地产霸权的威胁

澳洲论文代写:香港房地产霸权的威胁。房地产霸权确实威胁着香港房屋发展的可持续性。政府,房地产市场的专业人士、广大公众和房地产开发商都在成为这一沉默的主流房地产霸主的过程中发挥了作用。社会也存在不公平的情况,这也是可持续性框架的一部分。正如文章中所指出的,香港房地产霸权的存在阻碍了可持续住房单元的提供,特别是对经济上被剥夺的香港。接下来澳洲论文代写将为留学生们分析讨论下香港房地产霸权的威胁。

由于房地产市场的霸主地位,城市更新也受到了挑战。由于香港部分地区的基础设施落后,以及其他一些以可持续发展为重点的新发展计划,两者之间存在严重的利益冲突。新界和九龙是本港人口最稠密的两个地区。为了容纳人口,较新的城镇被集中开发,然而,由于更多低收入人口位于该部门,人们发现,住房存量是用不合格的元素建造的,加速了环境退化(Deng et al., 2016)。改造和更换是城市更新计划的一部分,但没有考虑到可持续性发展举措。另一方面,“政府”是用于改善房地产的项目。房地产改善项目EIP是政府倡议的一部分,旨在将可持续性纳入住房。例如,葵盛西地产就是由政府开发的。这里实施了一个与可持续性相关的房地产改善计划。政府力求创造具有高质量公共开放空间的公共空间。规划绿化,住宅街区也规划在同一空间。

在这里,我们可以看到一个不同之处,那就是政府关于可持续住房单元的项目和其他针对低收入人群的开发项目的实施方式。对于低收入者,只提供基本的建筑来帮助他们住在他们现有的房子里。可持续住宅豪华住宅,”硅藻土涂料(也称为D.E.油漆、硅质沉积岩的粉)用于所有内部更昂贵的比普通低voc涂料(每平方米约150港元,与50港元),但对环境有利的,因为它能吸收水分和帮助过滤室内空气”。

房地产市场被少数人有选择性地控制,导致了利益冲突。个人利益与公共利益冲突。下图中有一个例子,是有关当局建议在将军澳开设堆填区。市民反对这项建议,因为他们认为这会降低他们的生活质素。在第二层的例子中,政府想把大浪西湾变成一个郊野公园。然而,在这里,公众感到他们没有得到适当的补偿。他们声称这会给人民带来经济问题。在可持续发展的背景下,个人利益和公众利益的持续冲突因政府拥有更大的权力而加剧。这种可持续性框架下的可持续性可以称为弱可持续性。

“新界东北发展计划”是一份备受争议的新计划。当局提出拆卸古洞北及粉岭北乡村的计划。政府声称住房需求在增长,因此他们不得不在较新的地区开发项目。然而,建造这些住房的代价是要搬迁大约8400人。他们也会失去生计。房地产霸权的房地产开发商是唯一从中受益的人,而不是人民,特别是那些将会流离失所,将会陷入更深的贫困的人。

Urban regeneration is also challenged because of the hegemonic real estate market. There is a serious conflict of interest as lagging infrastructure is present at some parts of HK and in others newer developments with focus on sustainability is planned. The New territories and Kowloon were two of the highly populate sectors in HK. Newer towns were developed centrally in order to accommodate the population, however with more low-income population located in this sector, it was identified that the housing stock was constructed with substandard elements that accelerate environmental degradation (Deng et al., 2016). Retrofitting and replacement which are a part of the urban regeneration program have been done without much thought the sustainability development initiatives. On the other hand, the government programs for estate improvement. Estate improvement programs EIP are part of the government initiative to incorporate sustainability in housing. The Kwai Shing West estate for instance was developed by the Government. An estate improvement program linked with sustainability was implemented here. The government sought to create public spaces with quality communal open space. Greening was planned, and domestic blocks were also planned in the same space.

A difference is observed here in how government programs with respect to sustainable housing units and other development projects for low income people are conducted. For low income people, only basic construction to help them live in their current houses was offered. Sustainable homes are luxury homes, “Diatomaceous earth paint (also known as D.E. paint, the powder of siliceous sedimentary rock) used on all interiors is more expensive than regular low-VOC paint (about HK$150 per square metre, versus HK$50), but is environmentally favourable because it can absorb moisture and help filter the indoor air” .

The real estate market being controlled by a selective few has resulted in a conflict of interest. Personal interest and public interest conflicts are observed here. An example is presented in the below picture where a proposal was made to open landfills in Tseung Kwan O. People protested against this as they feel that it will diminish the quality of life for them. In the case of the second story, the government wanted to make the Tai Long Sai Wan as a country park. However, here the public feel they were not being compensated properly. They claim that this could create economic problems for the people. A continuing conflict of personal interest and the public in the context of sustainability is exacerbated by the fact that the government has more power. This form of sustainability in the sustainability framework could be called as weak sustainability.

The ‘North East New Territories Development Plan’ is a new controversial plan. It puts forth a plan to demolish villages in Kwu Tung North and Fanling North. Government claims that housing needs are on the rise and hence they have to develop projects in newer areas. However, the housing will be achieved at a cost of displacing around 8,400 people. They will lose their livelihood as well. The real estate hegemony property developers are the only ones who gain by this and not the people, specifically not the ones who are going to be displaced and will be pushed into deeper poverty.

以上内容就是澳洲论文代写对香港房地产霸权的威胁的分析讨论。如果留学生们没有足够的时间与信心来完成英语论文或作业,在这时可以放心选择澳洲论文代写EssayTimes服务公司。因为其服务公司的论文创作专家团队由高素质和经验丰富的学术作家组成,保障论文创作质量且没有任何抄袭或剽窃行为。除此之外,还为留学生们提供硕士论文代写、essay代写、assignment代写等服务,从而让留学生们轻松应对论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!

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