澳洲论文代写：生殖旅游的意义。在过去的三十年里，由于科学的成就和进步，辅助生殖的普及程度飙升。因此，医疗旅游的普及推进了以医疗为目的的旅游，在此背景下，生殖旅游具有重要的意义。生殖旅游涉及母国的立法限制、治疗成本、可及性和改善治疗质量，因此欧洲人类生殖与胚胎学会(European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology)得出结论，这类旅游的主要关注点是跨境护理(Couture & Bouffard, 2010)。接下来澳洲论文代写将对生殖旅游的意义进行以下分析。
关于海外卵子捐赠，有几个因素需要考虑。首先，国际诊所与他们的政府有联系，政府设定诊所将收到的费用。与政府没有联系的诊所坚持以有竞争力的价格维持和吸引病人。其次，法律文件由提供一般合同的诊所完成(Leggat, 2003)。第三，寻求海外卵子捐赠通常被认为是一种权衡，因为大多数国家要求捐赠者匿名，尽管有些捐赠者喜欢在孩子出生后与受赠者互动和见面。第四，根据FDA的规定，广泛的捐赠者筛查对于性病、HIV、肝炎等疾病至关重要。对尼古丁、毒品和酒精进行筛查。根据东道国的说法，测试的政策各不相同，但大多数都遵循美国生殖医学协会的规范和指导方针。欧盟对欧洲诊所有严格的指导方针(Kenney & McGowan, 2014)。
第五，在生殖旅游的案例中，海外诊所进行的配对程序与美国的常见做法相反。第六，国际一级的大多数诊所在卵子刺激方面实行低剂量方案，因此接受者必须对可接受的胚胎数量低有心理准备。第7个需要考虑的因素是，如果第一个周期不成功，或者如果接受者想通过冷冻胚胎获得更多的孩子，那么他们将不得不再次前往国际诊所，这将涉及巨额费用。第八因素不同于美国的CDC和SART，国际上没有准确的结果统计数据来评估一个诊所的成功率(Van Berkel, Candido & Pijffers, 2007)。第九个因素是周期池，从决定周期到实际周期，人们可能需要等待长达6个月。在国际上，一些诊所将接受者和捐赠者的周期结合起来，因此匹配是一个耗时的过程。最后，受赠人需要考虑与体外受精相关的全球旅行对她来说是否是正确的选择。人们需要考虑到国际法、费用和可能发生变化的信息。因此，获得一名顾问的协助和了解最新的变化是至关重要的。
Factors to Be Evaluated for Overseas Travel to Obtain a Donor Egg via Reproductive Tourism
In the last three decades, the popularity of assisted reproduction has soared due to the scientific achievements and progress. Hence, the popularity of medical tourism advanced which is travelling for medical purposes and within the context, reproductive tourism has significant aspects. Reproductive tourism involves legislative restrictions of the home country, treatment cost, accessibility and improvement treatment quality and thus the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology concluded that the primary concern of such tourism is cross border care (Couture & Bouffard, 2010).
There are several factors that need to be taken into consideration in regard to overseas egg donation. Firstly, the international clinics have an affiliation with their government who sets the charges that the clinic will receive for the procedure. The clinics that do not have government affiliation adhere to competitive pricing for sustenance and attracting patients. Secondly, the legal documentation is done by the clinic who offers generic contracts (Leggat, 2003). Thirdly, pursing overseas egg donation is often considered as being a trade – off with most nations requiring donor anonymity though there are certain donors who prefer to interact with and meet the recipient even after child birth. Fourthly, in accordance with the FDA, extensive donor screening is essential for STD, HIV, Hepatitis and so on. Screening is done for nicotine, drugs and alcohol. According to the host nation, the policies for testing differ while most follow the American Society for Reproductive Medicine norms and guidelines. The EU has strict guidelines for the European clinics (Kenney & McGowan, 2014).
Fifthly, in case of reproductive tourism, the overseas clinic conducts the matching procedure contrary to the recipient finding her own match which is a common practice in the US. Sixthly, most clinics in the international level conduct a protocol for lower dose in regard to egg stimulation hence the recipient has to be mentally prepared about the low count of embryos receivable. The seventh factor to be considered is that if the first cycle is unsuccessful or if the recipient wants more children via frozen embryos, then another trip will have to be made to the international clinic involving huge costs. Eighth factor is unlike CDC and SART of the United States, no accurate outcome statistics can be obtained internationally for assessing the success rate of a clinic (Van Berkel, Candido & Pijffers, 2007). Ninth factor is pooling of cycles that one may have to wait for up to six months from the decision of cycle to the actual cycle. Internationally, some clinics pool the cycles of the recipient and the donor, hence matching is a time consuming process. Lastly, the recipient needs to consider if the global IVF related travel is the correct option for her. One need to consider the international law, cost and information that would undergo change. Hence, obtaining the assistance of a consultant and being updated on the changes are essential.