公司总部定义了这些跨国公司的文化，因为它调查了存在于不同地点的固有文化的微妙含义(Taylor et al.， 2012)。这对于跨国公司及其在机构运作中的作用是重要的。跨国公司总部的位置在跨国公司中扮演着不同的角色。从宏观经济层面来看，在总部所在地作出的决定在其业务的母国发挥着重要作用。从其中一个角度来看，这引发了一种担忧，即如果企业的总部设在另一个地方，它们可能会离开这个国家。所有权的国籍对就业问题的影响，地方经济已经导致各个政府接管当地的公司。跨国公司总部为政策问题的重要性提供了更多的见解。跨国公司的高管们常常努力为总部塑造合适的角色，以确保为国际活动以及公司在世界各地的发展创造价值。这些公司的大规模重组体现了公司各实体结构的优化和影响力。
关于企业总部的作用，过去曾进行过许多研究。其中一个理论是关于m型公司的传播。他已经确定了公司总部或办公室，将办公室与运营单位分开(Acuto, 2011)。目标和政策的协调、评估和规划的决策用于多业务实体的发展，以增加业务线的价值。公司的作用被进一步划分为价值创造和损失预防空间(Varma, 2011)。经过这一理论的发展，基于公司的最终目标，得出了一些微妙的方法，它们的义务功能是需要维持公司的生存。在这些空间中也创建了一些共享服务(Ball, Macrae, and Maguire, 2013)。还有用于车辆分配和部署的协调功能。公司总部具有独特的功能，呼唤着公司综合理论的形成。
再加上这些因素，公司的价值产生被认为是公司的规模。公司的规模说明了公司在全球的重要性。这些信息处理需求被发现与公司的企业规模有关(Coe et al.， 2011)。总部的规模也显示了该公司的实际影响力。显著的证据是基于相关多样化和不相关多样化之间形成的区别。这些方面的不相关多元化被观察到有更简单的分区结构。它们有不一定影响职能活动的财务控制机制。另一个重要的变量是投资组合的相关性及其对运营方式的控制机制(McCann和Ward, 2011)。对经营业务也有相当程度的影响。
The headquarters of the company defines the culture of these multinationals as it probes about the nuanced implication of the innate culture that exists in the different locations (Taylor et al., 2012). This is important for the multinational corporation and its role in the functioning of the institution. The role of location of the headquarters within the MNC has multitude of impacts from many disciplines. From a macroeconomic level, the decisions that are taken at headquarters location play an important role in the home country of their operation. From one such perspective, these raise the fear that the corporate headquarters would leave the country if they are headquartered in another location. The impacts of nationality of ownership for the issues of jobs, local economy has led the various governments to take over the local companies. The MNC headquarters offer additional insights into the importance of the policy issues. MNC executives often struggle to form appropriate role for headquarters to ensure that there is creation of value for the international activities and also for the growth of the company in the locations around the world. These large-scale reorganizations of the company showcase the aspects of the optimal structure and influence of the various entities of the companies.
Many researches have been undertaken in the past about the role of the corporate headquarters. One of the theories is about the propagation of the M-form Corporation. He had identified the corporate headquarters or the general office that separates the general office with the operating units (Acuto, 2011). The decisions of coordinate, appraise and planning of the goals and policies are used for the development of the multi-business entities to add value to the lines of business. The role of the companies has been further classified into the value creating and loss preventive space (Varma, 2011). After this theory development, a number of nuanced approaches have been derived based on the final objective of the company and their obligatory functions are required for the sustenance of the companies. Some shared services are also created in these spaces (Ball, Macrae, and Maguire, 2013). There are also the coordinative functions that are used for the allocation and deploying of the vehicles. There are distinctive functions of corporate headquarters that are appealing for the formation of the comprehensive theory for the company.
Added to these factors, the value generation for the corporate companies is considered to be the size of the firm. The size of the company states the role of the importance of the company for the global presence. These information processing requirements are found to be related to the size of the firm of the companies (Coe et al., 2011). The size of headquarters also showcases the tangible impact of the firm. The salient evidence is based on the distinction that is formed between the related and unrelated diversification. These aspects of unrelated diversifiers are observed to have simpler divisional structures. They have financial control mechanisms that do not necessarily impact the functional activities. Another important variable is the relatedness of the portfolio and their control mechanism for the ways of operation (McCann and Ward, 2011). There is also considerable degree of influence that is observed to exert over the operating business.