10月 3, 2021

澳洲代写:深度国家犯罪政府联盟

澳洲代写:深度国家犯罪政府联盟。首先,有必要区分什么可以称为深度国家犯罪政府联盟,什么不是深度国家。可以说,深度国家犯罪政府联盟的概念对于外行人来说是牵强的概念。然而,对人们周围发生的事情进行批判性的观察会让他们明白,犯罪的某些方面是如此根深蒂固,以至于它们看起来并不像犯罪。这看起来是一种可以接受的做法。有些方面看起来像政策或缺乏政策。然而,在这种情况下,受打击最大的是社会边缘人群,如黑人、下层工人等。接下来澳洲代写专家将为同学们讲解下深度国家犯罪政府联盟。

首先,有必要区分什么可以称为深度国家犯罪政府联盟,什么不是深度国家。例如,迈克尔·弗林(Michael Flynn)将军的泄密被认为破坏了特朗普的总统地位。一方面,有人认为这是为了遏制特朗普的行为,另一方面,也有人认为这是深州联盟。如此深的国家联盟削弱了总统和他的政策的作用。它导致人们对总统失去信心。然而,这不能称为深层状态。深层的国家犯罪政府联盟所造成的损害要远远超过破坏某人权威的泄密。例如,在一些国家,一些部门没有遏制腐败。这本身就是犯罪行为。这可能导致某些服务被拒绝(世界银行,2017年)。以更高级别犯罪或非法资金流动的形式损失的资金将产生税收问题,从而给国家带来问题。腐败成为一个关键的抑制因素,因为它会阻止国家和跨国公司投资。透明国际在2017年进行的调查显示,在美国政府中,一些关键的权力机构被认为腐败到这样的程度,他们可能会对社会产生重大的有害影响(透明国际,2017)。调查结果显示,大约44%的美国人认为白宫的腐败现象有所增加。大约70%的人认为政府在打击腐败方面做得不多。具体来说,非裔美国人认为警察是社会上最腐败的人。更糟糕的是,人们接受腐败,接受社会正常,这显示了一种接受政府犯罪的心态。约55%的人认为他们害怕报复,因此不想举报犯罪。现任总统唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)警告说,“一些人看不见但波兰人很熟悉的深层政府存在危险:政府官僚机构的稳步蔓延会耗尽人民的活力和财富”(Clark, 2009,第4页)。然而,正是在这个政府官僚机构中存在着腐败的因素和联系,这对边缘化的民众产生了有害的影响。

在国家的背景下,即使是缺乏强有力的法规也可能成为犯罪活动的诱因,不情愿地政府成为联盟。想想安然丑闻之类的问题,丑闻导致投资者被骗。政府在这里的角色是制定本应保护所有利益相关者的规则和规定,但只有在丑闻发生后,这些规则才成为现实。因此,犯罪化国家的概念并不来自于弱势社会或贩毒等社会。由于该国缺乏更严格的财务披露监管规则,可能会发生刑事定罪。银行经理、审计员、税务顾问、律师甚至经济学家都参与了经济犯罪。它们无意中未能提供必要的信息,以防止危害边缘化人群的犯罪活动。这些大企业的腐败被员工视为一种系统化的行为,只有通过举报人的行动,才会暴露在外界面前。只有在引入《萨班斯-奥克斯利法》等财务披露法案后,才有可能控制这类财务欺诈活动。它展示了这种形式的腐败是如何在工业界几乎被接受的,以及如何需要一个揭发者将其揭露出来。

First, it is necessary to differentiate what can be called a deep state criminal government alliance and what is not deep state. For instance, the leak made by General Michael Flynn has been argued as undermining the Presidency of Trump. At one end, people believe that this is needed to check the actions of Trump, but then some others believe this is like a deep state alliance. Such a deep state alliance undermines the role of the President and his policies. It leads to loss of confidence in the President. However, this cannot be called deep state. Deep state criminal government alliances would do far more damage than a leak that undermines someone’s authority. For instance, in some countries corruption is not checked in some departments. This is a criminal act in itself. This could result in some service being denied (The World Bank, 2017). Money lost in the form of higher order crimes or illicit financial flows will create issues of taxation resulting in problems for the state. Corruption becomes a critical dis-incentive as it would stop countries and global corporations from investing. The survey conducted in 2017 by Transparency International shows that in the US government, there are some key institutions in power which are seen to be corrupted to such a degree that they could have a major detrimental effect on society (Transparency International, 2017). The results highlight that around 44 percent of Americans believed that corruption in the White House had increased. Around 7 in 10 people believed that the government was not doing much to fight corruption in its working. Specifically, African-Americans felt that the police were the highly corrupt in society. The worse aspect here was that people were accepting corruption ad being normal in society which shows a mentality of acceptance of crime in government. Around 55 percent believed they were afraid of retaliation and hence did not want to report crime. The current President Donald Trump warns of a danger in the deep state that is “invisible to some but familiar to the Poles: the steady creep of government bureaucracy drains the vitality and wealth of the people” (Clark, 2009, p.4). However, it is in this very government bureaucracy that elements and connections to corruption exists, which has a detrimental effect for the marginalized populace.

In the context of the state, even the absence of strong regulations could be an incentive for criminal activity and unwillingly the government becomes an alliance. Consider the issues like the Enron scandal for instead where the scandal resulted in investors being defrauded. Here the role of the government was to make rules and regulations that should have protected all stakeholders, but it was only after the scandal that such rules came to be. The notion of a criminalized state hence does not emerge from weak societies or societies with drug trafficking etc. The criminalization can happen because of the lack of stronger regulatory rules for financial disclosures in the country. A network of bank managers, auditors, tax advisers and attorneys and even economists participates in economic crime. Unwittingly they fail to present the necessary information for preventing criminal activities that undermine marginalized people. Corruption in such big corporations was accepted by employees as a systematic practice and only by whistleblower action it came to be revealed to the outside world. Only after introduction of financial disclosure acts like the Sarbanes Oxley Act, it was possible to control such financial fraudulent activities. It shows how such forms of corruption were almost accepted in the industrial circles, and how a whistleblower was needed to bring it to light.

以上内容就是澳洲代写专家为同学们讲解的什么是深度国家犯罪政府联盟。若要问澳洲代写论文哪家好?代写推荐选择澳洲论文代写EssayTimes服务公司。因为其服务公司的论文创作专家团队由高素质和经验丰富的学术作家组成,保障论文创作质量且没有任何抄袭或剽窃行为。除此之外,还为留学生们提供硕士论文代写、essay代写、毕业论文代写等服务,而且代写论文价格公平合理,保证论文原创,并使用权威的抄袭检测系统,避免论文出现重复率过高的情况发生,从而让留学生们轻松应对论文写作并创作出专属个人的优秀论文!

Copyright © 2020 · Essay Times 论文时 All Rights Reserved · Service & Product Provided Are Used Solely for The Purpose of Research Only