The argument of this discussion paper is to examine the lack of opportunities for young people to actively participate in the democracy of Australia. It is seen that young people do not receive the necessary civic education and opportunities for them to take part in civic and political life. Therefore, they are less aware of the political structure. This is a problem with the civic education programs offered by the school as it lacks the essential elements. Youth have not been seen as potential participants to empower and restructure Australian democracy. Arvanitakis and Marren (2009) have posed the argument with adequate recommendations to youth such as civic education as a compulsory subject, national program to enable democratic engagement, e-democracy to promote participation and professional support to the youth. This is an interesting argument and the recommendations presented are much practical.
The discussion paper has been presented by Arvanitakis and Marren (2009) after a 12-month project that examined varied phases and aspects of democracy in Australia. 52 youth have taken part and all the results and recommendations provided are based on the responses from these people. Since the paper is more inclined towards the changing climate of politics, it has conducted a practical analysis of people’s opinions and attitudes, especially youth, on political matters. On one hand, the chosen participants suffice the objective and purpose of the paper, but on the other hand, it is inadequate to generalize and offer recommendations to larger population. It has not conducted analysis of existing curriculum and efforts taken by political parties to drive youth.
The information presented by the author was credible. Evidences have been taken from the times when Australian government began to function and Australian Labor Party was initiated in late 1800s. It has also discussed different structures of governance such as colonies, legislatures, pressure groups. The statistical information from Australian Electoral Study is also used in this paper to discuss on the party membership activities and factors that influenced the decision making process. Not restricting to state governance, the territorial governance is also detailed by Gauja (2012) in this chapter. Further, the author has also been able to predict the future of Australian democracy with examples like 2020 summit and the changing policies in House of Representatives.