12月 21, 2020

澳洲代写价格:公司的组织运营管理

澳洲代写价格:公司的组织运营管理

组织中的过程管理

运营管理中的转换过程是这样一个过程:它将输入转换为组织,根据消费者的需求为输入增加价值,然后提供输出。在博色公司的案例中,转型过程包括制造、研发集成、创新管理、技术应用等步骤。最终成功的产品就这样创造出来了。对Bose过程管理的研究似乎表明,它更倾向于集成过程。过程管理中需要考虑的五个关键因素是过程选择、公司采取的垂直集成努力、资源灵活性、客户参与以及最后的资本强度。高端音频产品制造商Bose公司提供了一个利用IT能力重组业务关系的过程联系的例子。在过去的五年里,它开创了一个先进版本的准时制造”(Bettley等人,2005年,第155页)。

澳洲代写价格:公司的组织运营管理

3.1过程的选择

流程选择是流程管理的一个重要方面。在工艺选择方面,主要分为工程流程、作业车间流程、批量流程、流水线流程和连续流程。在这种情况下,项目过程具有非常高的定制度,因此主要用于低批量但高端定制风格的项目。Job shop过程是更传统的工作过程,其中订单被大量制造。虽然定制化也很高,但制造的数量将更高,因此重点主要是数量。在Bose的情况下,工艺选择将是项目和作业车间的结合。这一过程更适合于高端技术产品,其中还考虑了满足Bose客户需求的定制。

3.2垂直整合

Bose是一家国际化的公司,具有垂直整合的优势,贯穿整个供应链。对于那些希望确保在转换环境中由公司自己处理更多的流程和服务或材料的企业来说,垂直集成是必要的。垂直整合将减少外包和质量挑战。此外,垂直整合还将确保公司能够快速做出变更决策。他们不需要等待与供应商、分销管理等的讨论。纵向一体化有两种类型,即后向一体化和前向一体化。在前一种集成中,流程更多地关注于向制造方向的源或供应端集成。在后者中,整合更多地集中在从制造端到终端零售商的分销。像Bose这样的大公司过去一直依靠垂直整合来扩大其在国内和国际市场的市场份额。垂直整合确保了公司在国外市场有更好的优势,不需要一直依赖当地供应商和分销商的实力。垂直整合的内部工作进一步提高了质量。Bose的产品以其质量而闻名,人们更信任他们的产品,因为他们已经建立了良好的声誉。如果玻色没有利用垂直整合的优势,这一切都不可能实现。垂直一体化确保了即使在大批量生产的情况下,专业化和效率也能实现。这一定帮助了Bose的国际扩张。

澳洲代写价格:公司的组织运营管理

2.13. Process Management in the Organization

A transformation process in operations management is one that would convert an input to the organization by adding value to them based on requirement of the consumer and then provides the output. In the case of the BOSE Corporation, the transformation process involves steps of manufacturing, research and development integration, innovation management, technology application among others. The end success product is thus created. Research on the process management of Bose seems to indicate that it more aligned towards integrated processes. The five key things to consider in process management are the process choice, the vertical integration efforts taken by the company, the resource flexibility, the customer involvement and finally the capital intensity. “Bose Corporation-a maker of high-end audio products-provides an example of process linkages that leverage IT capability to restructure business relationships. During the past five years, it has pioneered in an advanced version of just in time manufacturing” (Bettley et al., 2005, p. 155).

澳洲代写价格:公司的组织运营管理

3.1 Process choice

Process choice is a significant aspect when it comes to process management. In process choice, project, job shop, batch flow, line flow and continuous flow are the main divisions. In this, a project process has a very high degree customization and hence is used mostly for low volume but high end customization style of projects. The Job shop process is the more traditional job process where orders are being manufactured in high quantities. While customization is also high the volume of manufacturing will be higher and hence the focus is mostly on the volume. In the case of Bose, the process choice would be a combination of project and job shop. The process is more suited for high end technology products where customizations to suite the requirements of Bose customers are also factored in.

3.2 Vertical Integration

Bose is an international corporation and has vertical integration to have benefits throughout the supply chain. Vertical integration is necessary for businesses that want to ensure that more of its processes and services or materials in the transformation context are handled by the company itself. Vertical integration will reduce outsources and challenges to quality. In addition, vertical integration will also ensure that the company can make rapid change decisions. They don’t have to wait on discussions with suppliers, distribution management etc. Two types of vertical integration are possible which are the backward integration and forward integration. In the former the integration, processes are focused more on the source or supply end integrations towards manufacturing. In the latter, the integration is more focused on the distribution from the manufacturing end towards the end retailers. Big companies such as Bose have relied on vertical integration in the past to expand their market share domestically and in the international market. Vertical integration ensures that the firm has better advantages in foreign markets and it does not have to rely on local supplier and distributor strength all the time. In-house work as done in the case of vertical integration furthermore improves quality. Bose products are now known for their quality and people trust the product better because of the reputation that they have built. This would not have been possible if Bose had not taken advantage of vertical integration. Vertical integration ensures that even in the context of high volume production, specialization and efficiency is achieved. This must have helped Bose in its international expansions.

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