9月 8, 2021

澳洲代写essay:孤儿院志愿者的兴起

澳洲代写essay:孤儿院志愿者的兴起。在遥远的土地、乡村和贫困的村庄,旅游业得到了飞速发展。撇开城市中心不谈,乡村旅游已经开始兴起。特别是,由于世界上几乎大多数城市的孤儿院和养老院数量增加,志愿服务一直在不断增长。到孤儿院的志愿者旅游有很多种,志愿者在那里停留一天、半天、几天、几周甚至几个月。对于志愿者来说,这个行为代表着关怀、分享和回馈社会的某种形式,包括现金捐赠、花时间和孩子们在一起、教育孩子、和他们一起玩,让他们的生活不那么痛苦。这种行为的讽刺之处在于,大多数游客认为孤儿院的所有孩子都会受到心理上的困扰,会不断地需要父母的爱和温暖。接下来澳洲代写essay将为同学们分析讨论下孤儿院志愿者的兴起。

Coates(2005)写了柬埔寨禁止国际收养的事件,因为经纪人沉迷于买卖来自绝望父母的孩子,这些父母陷入极端贫困,被迫卖掉自己的孩子赚钱。这种令人发指的罪行导致了志愿旅游和大规模收养运动的兴起,在这些运动中,孤儿被海外人士收养。这难道不是在利用极端贫困的存在吗?难道这不是用孩子换取金钱吗?因为这个世界认为资本比人更重要。事实上,新自由主义已经在全球公民的意识中烙下了资本至高无上,甚至凌驾于人之上的烙印。这种文化是西方国家的礼物,他们把人变成了商品,甚至他们的语言、行为、失败和成功都在世界各地交易。除非这种文化从根源上被亚洲的社会和谐、满足和精神价值观所取代,否则孤儿将被用来赚钱,而犯罪将继续存在于统治阶层的各个层次。

国际旅游不断增长,一些市场的内容已经饱和,导致人们沉迷于志愿旅游。志愿旅游兴起的主要原因是,人们越来越意识到儿童被迫流离失所、贫困加剧、父母无力承担托儿费用,以及游客的责任感有所增强。从自然资源枯竭到文化帝国主义,再到对自然环境秩序的扰乱,游客们将旅行的影响内化得令人担忧。由于对全球环境、自然、其他人的文化和世界观的理解和内在化,游客开始从事志愿服务,旅游公司很快就抓住了营销此类假期的机会。

据估计,几乎77%或四分之三的孤儿院儿童的父母中至少有一人活着,但这些儿童仍然生活在孤儿院(With the Best Intentions: A Study of Attitudes towards Residential Care in Cambodia, 2011)。这些真实生活中的例子是,尽管父母中有一人还活着,但孩子们仍生活在孤儿院,这是一个令人担忧的领域,因为更多的孩子进入孤儿院可能会讲述一个不同的故事。该报告报告了一些儿童被出租几天、几周或几个月的案例,使孤儿院旅游有利可图。这些不道德的行为实际上是西方思想的概念化,他们把一切都视为商品,并将能带来可观经济回报的人类行为商品化。

Coates (2005) wrote about the incident when international adoptions were halted in Cambodia, because brokers indulged in buying and selling of children from desperate parents, who were mired in extreme poverty and were forced to earn money from selling their children. Such heinous crimes have for its contribution the rise in volunteer tourism and mass adoption campaigns, where orphans are adopted by overseas people. Is this not capitalising the existence of extreme poverty? Is this not trading children for money, because the world assumes capital as more important than people? Indeed, neo-liberalization has imprinted on the consciousness of global citizens that capital reigns supreme, even above people. Such a culture is the gift of the western nations who have turned people into commodities, and even their words, acts, and failures and successes are traded over the world. Until such a culture is not removed from its root to be replaced by the Asian values of societal harmony, contentment, spiritualty, orphans will be utilised for money and crime will continue at all levels of the governing hierarchy.

International tourism has been constantly rising, and some markets being saturated in their content offerings led to indulge in volunteer tourism. Major contribution for the rise of volunteer tourism is the rise in awareness about forced displacement of children, increasing poverty and inability of parents to handle childcare costs, and a renews sense of responsibility among tourists. Tourists alarmingly internalised the impacts of their travel, right from natural resource depletion to cultural imperialism to disturbance in natural order of the environment. Owing to a rise in understanding and internalising the responsibility towards the global environment, nature, and other people’s cultures and worldviews, tourists started to undertake volunteerism and travel companies were quick to adopt the opportunity of marketing such holidays.

It is estimated that almost 77% or three out of four children living in orphanages have at least one parent alive, but the children still live in orphanages (With the Best Intentions: A Study of Attitudes towards Residential Care in Cambodia, 2011). These real life examples of children living in orphanages despite one of their parent being alive are an area of concern, as proliferation of more children into orphanages could tell a different story. The report informed of cases where children were rented out for days, weeks, or months for making orphanage tourism profitable. These unethical practices are indeed the conceptualisation of the western mind, which sees everything as a commodity and commodify human acts which give handsome economic returns.

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